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From sad +‎ -en.



sadden (third-person singular simple present saddens, present participle saddening, simple past and past participle saddened)

  1. (transitive) To make sad or unhappy.
    • Alexander Pope
      Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      The turmoil went on—no rest, no peace. […] It was nearly eleven o'clock now, and he strolled out again. In the little fair created by the costers' barrows the evening only seemed beginning; and the naphtha flares made one's eyes ache, the men's voices grated harshly, and the girls' faces saddened one.
    It saddens me to think that I might have hurt someone.
  2. (intransitive, rare) To become sad or unhappy.
    • 1999, Mary Ann Mitchell, Drawn To The Grave[1]:
      Hyacinth perfume tickled her senses, making her feel giddy, but she saddened when she saw how uncared for the garden was.
  3. (transitive, rare) To darken a color during dyeing.
  4. (transitive) To render heavy or cohesive.
    • Mortimer
      Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.



Northern Sami[edit]



  1. first-person singular past indicative of saddit