frenum

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin frēnum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

frenum (plural frena or frenums)

  1. A frenulum.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold). Cognates include ferē, fermē and firmus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

frēnum n (genitive frēnī); second declension

  1. A bridle, harness, curb, bit.
  2. (figuratively) A means of guiding or governing; restraint, check, limit.
  3. (by extension) That which holds things together; band.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative frēnum frēna
genitive frēnī frēnōrum
dative frēnō frēnīs
accusative frēnum frēna
ablative frēnō frēnīs
vocative frēnum frēna
  • Nom. Pl. is mostly frēni with frēna occuring more in poets.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • frenum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • frenum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • frenum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) with loose reins: freno remisso; effusis habenis
  • frenum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • frenum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin