進歩

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: 進步 and 进步

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
ほ > ぽ
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

進歩(しんぽ) (shinpo (kyūjitai 進步)

  1. progress; improvements in social welfare.
    コンピューター急速(きゅうそく)進歩(しんぽ)()げた
    Konpyūtā wa kyūsoku na shinpo o togeta.
    Computers have made rapid progress.
  2. Personal progress, usually in the development of a skill.
    その生徒(せいと)進歩(しんぽ)(もう)()ない
    Sono seito no shinpo wa mōshibunai.
    The student’s progress is satisfactory.

Verb[edit]

進歩(しんぽ)する (shinpo surusuru (stem 進歩(しんぽ) (shinpo shi), past 進歩(しんぽ)した (shinpo shita), kyūjitai 進步)

  1. To improve (in reference to a society's technological capability or general quality of life).
    医学(いがく)めざましく進歩(しんぽ)している。
    Igaku wa mezamashiku shinpo shite iru.
    Progress in medicine is going ahead by leaps and bounds.
  2. To advance in proficiency; to make progress in the development of a skill.
    トムの日本語(にほんご)(すこ)しずつ進歩(しんぽ)している。
    Tomu no nihongo wa sukoshi-zutsu shinpo shite iru.
    Tom’s Japanese is improving little by little.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

進歩(しんぽ) (shinpo) is quite common as a verb (進歩(しんぽ)する (shinpo suru)), and it is most easily understood in relation to the English word progress. It is frequently used in reference to social progress, particularly of a technological nature, and to personal progress in a skill. It is not generally used to refer to progress in other sorts of endeavors, such as a trip up a mountain (e.g., "Due to the blizzard, their progress was slow."), or of time in general (e.g., "As the evening progressed, the party became more chaotic.").

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN