victima

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See also: victimá, víctima, and victimă

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

victima

  1. third-person singular past historic of victimer

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *weyk- (to choose, separate out, set aside as holy, consecrate, sacrifice), same source as Proto-Germanic *wīhą (sacred place or thing) (Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃) and English witch.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

victima f (genitive victimae); first declension

  1. sacrificial victim
  2. vocative singular of victima

victimā

  1. ablative singular of victima

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative victima victimae
genitive victimae victimārum
dative victimae victimīs
accusative victimam victimās
ablative victimā victimīs
vocative victima victimae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • victima in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • victima in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “victima”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • victima” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to slaughter victims: victimas (oxen), hostias (smaller animals, especially sheep) immolare, securi ferire, caedere, mactare
    • to sacrifice human victims: pro victimis homines immolare
  • victima in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • victima in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin victima.

Noun[edit]

victima f (plural victimas)

  1. victim

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

victima

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of victimar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of victimar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of victimar.