victima

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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

victima

  1. third-person singular past historic of victimer

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *weyk- ‎(to choose, separate out, set aside as holy, consecrate, sacrifice), same source as Proto-Germanic *wīhą ‎(sacred place or thing) (Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃) and English witch.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

victima f ‎(genitive victimae); first declension

  1. sacrificial victim
  2. vocative singular of victima

victimā

  1. ablative singular of victima

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative victima victimae
genitive victimae victimārum
dative victimae victimīs
accusative victimam victimās
ablative victimā victimīs
vocative victima victimae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • victima” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • victima” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to slaughter victims: victimas (oxen), hostias (smaller animals, especially sheep) immolare, securi ferire, caedere, mactare
    • to sacrifice human victims: pro victimis homines immolare

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin victima.

Noun[edit]

victima f (plural victimas)

  1. victim

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

victima

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of victimar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of victimar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of victimar.