tonsus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of tondeō (shave, shear, clip).

Participle[edit]

tōnsus m (feminine tōnsa, neuter tōnsum); first/second declension

  1. shaved, sheared, clipped, having been shaved
  2. cropped, pruned, trimmed, having been cropped
  3. mowed, reaped, having been mowed
  4. grazed upon, having been grazed upon
  5. plundered, deprived, having been plundered

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative tōnsus tōnsa tōnsum tōnsī tōnsae tōnsa
genitive tōnsī tōnsae tōnsī tōnsōrum tōnsārum tōnsōrum
dative tōnsō tōnsō tōnsīs
accusative tōnsum tōnsam tōnsum tōnsōs tōnsās tōnsa
ablative tōnsō tōnsā tōnsō tōnsīs
vocative tōnse tōnsa tōnsum tōnsī tōnsae tōnsa

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

tōnsus m (genitive tōnsūs); fourth declension

  1. a hairstyle, haircut
    Tam consimile'st atque ego: sūra, pēs, statūra, tōnsus, oculī, nāsus, vel labra, mālae, mentum, barba, collum - tōtus! (Platus, Amphitryo, Act 1, 443-445)
    He's so similar to me: his calves, feet, height, haircut, eyes, nose, lips, jaw, chin, beard, neck - all of it!

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative tōnsus tōnsūs
genitive tōnsūs tōnsuum
dative tōnsuī tōnsibus
accusative tōnsum tōnsūs
ablative tōnsū tōnsibus
vocative tōnsus tōnsūs

References[edit]

  • tonsus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tonsus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “tonsus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • tonsus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • tonsus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly