hiems

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *hiom-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéyōm.

Cognate with Ancient Greek χιών (khiṓn, snow), χεῖμα (kheîma, snow), χειμών (kheimṓn, snow), Persian زمستان(zemestān), Albanian dimër, Welsh gaeaf, Sanskrit हिम (himá), Hittite 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (gi-ma-an /giman/), Armenian ձմեռ (jmeṙ), and Proto-Slavic *zima.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • hiemps (usual but advised against by analogist grammarians)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hiems f (genitive hiemis); third declension

  1. winter
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 3.235-236:
      quid, quod hiems adoperta gelū tunc dēnique cēdit, et pereunt lāpsae sōle tepente nivēs
      What of the fact that then frost-covered winter finally gives way, and the snows perish, melted in the warming sun; [...]. (trans. Anne and Peter Wiseman, 2011)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hiems hiemēs
Genitive hiemis hiemum
Dative hiemī hiemibus
Accusative hiemem hiemēs
Ablative hieme hiemibus
Vocative hiems hiemēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]