hiems

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéyōm. Cognate with Ancient Greek χιών (khiṓn, snow), χεῖμα (kheîma, snow), χειμών (kheimṓn, snow), Persian زمستان (zemestān), Albanian dimër, Welsh gaeaf, Sanskrit हिम (himá), Hittite 𒄀𒈠𒀭 (gi-ma-an /giman/), Armenian ձմեռ (jmeṙ), and Proto-Slavic *zima.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hiems f (genitive hiemis); third declension

  1. winter

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative hiems hiemēs
genitive hiemis hiemum
dative hiemī hiemibus
accusative hiemem hiemēs
ablative hieme hiemibus
vocative hiems hiemēs

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hiems in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hiems in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hiems in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • hiems in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • in the height of summer, depth of winter: summa aestate, hieme
    • winter is at hand: hiems subest