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From Proto-Italic *heimrinos, from earlier *xeimrinos (to differentiate it from a later form *heimrinos if the shift */x/ > */h/ in the Italic languages already happened during late Proto-Italic), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰey-m-r-ino-s, from *ǵʰey-.[1] See also hiems.



hībernus (feminine hīberna, neuter hībernum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. wintry
  2. of or pertaining to winter
  3. (of places, esp. military camps) suitable for getting through the winter


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative hībernus hīberna hībernum hībernī hībernae hīberna
Genitive hībernī hībernae hībernī hībernōrum hībernārum hībernōrum
Dative hībernō hībernō hībernīs
Accusative hībernum hībernam hībernum hībernōs hībernās hīberna
Ablative hībernō hībernā hībernō hībernīs
Vocative hīberne hīberna hībernum hībernī hībernae hīberna


Derived terms[edit]


  • hibernus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hibernus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hibernus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) in spring, summer, autumn, winter time: verno, aestivo, auctumnali, hiberno tempore
    • (ambiguous) to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1620
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 284