hibernum

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ellipsis of hībernum tempus, literally 'winter-time'. Eventually came to replace hiems (winter) in the development from Latin to Romance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hībernum n (genitive hībernī); second declension

  1. winter
    Synonym: hiems
  2. (in the plural) winter quarters

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hībernum hīberna
Genitive hībernī hībernōrum
Dative hībernō hībernīs
Accusative hībernum hīberna
Ablative hībernō hībernīs
Vocative hībernum hīberna

Adjective[edit]

hībernum

  1. inflection of hībernus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • hibernum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) in spring, summer, autumn, winter time: verno, aestivo, auctumnali, hiberno tempore
    • (ambiguous) winter-quarters, summer-quarters: castra hiberna, aestiva
    • (ambiguous) to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
  • Adams, James Noel. 1976. The text and language of a Vulgar Latin chronicle (Anonymous Valesianus II). London: Institute of Classical Studies. Page 83.