From Latin dēsiccāre (“to dry completely, dry up”) + -ate (verb suffix indicating acting in the specified manner). Dēsiccāre is derived from dēsiccō (“to dessicate, dry up; to drain dry”) (from dē- (prefix meaning ‘completely, to exhaustion’) + siccō (“to dry; to drain, exhaust”), from siccus (“dry”), from Proto-Indo-European *seyk-) + -āre.
- Verb and adjective:
- Hyphenation: de‧sic‧cate
- (transitive) To remove moisture from; to dry. [from late 16th c.]
- Synonyms: dehydrate, exiccate (obsolete), exsiccate, parch
- Antonyms: hydrate, moisten, moisturize, wet
- 1627, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiment Solitary Touching the Two Kinds of Pneumaticals in Bodies.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie: In Ten Centuries. […], London: Published after the authors death, by VVilliam Rawley; printed by I[ohn] H[aviland and Augustine Mathewes] for William Lee […], OCLC 1044242069; 3rd edition, London: Published […] by VVilliam Rawley; printed by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], 1631, OCLC 1044372886, paragraph 842, page 215:
- […] As in Bodies deſsiccate, by Heat, or Age; For in them, when the Natiue Spirit goeth forth, and the Moiſture with it, the Aire with time getteth into the Pores.
- (transitive) To preserve by drying. [from late 16th c.]
- (intransitive, rare) To become dry; to dry up.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
desiccate (plural desiccates)
- ^ Compare “desiccate, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1895; “desiccate” (US) / “desiccate” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
- ^ “desiccate, adj.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1895.
- ^ “desiccate, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972.