jompikumpi

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Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dvandva compound of jompi +‎ kumpi, which are related to the stems jo- and ku-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjompiˌkumpi/, [ˈjo̞mpiˌkumpi]
  • Rhymes: -umpi
  • Syllabification(key): jom‧pi‧kum‧pi

Determiner[edit]

jompikumpi

  1. (indefinite) one, either of two
    Jommankumman on pakko mennä.
    One of the two [of us] has to go.

Declension[edit]

Both parts are declined.

Inflection of jompikumpi (Kotus type 51/nuoripari)
nominative jompikumpi jommatkummat
genitive jommankumman jompienkumpien
partitive jompaakumpaa jompiakumpia
illative jompaankumpaan jompiinkumpiin
singular plural
nominative jompikumpi jommatkummat
accusative nom. jompikumpi jommatkummat
gen. jommankumman
genitive jommankumman jompienkumpien
jompainkumpienrare
jompienkumpainrare
jompainkumpainrare
partitive jompaakumpaa jompiakumpia
inessive jommassakummassa jommissakummissa
elative jommastakummasta jommistakummista
illative jompaankumpaan jompiinkumpiin
adessive jommallakummalla jommillakummilla
ablative jommaltakummalta jommiltakummilta
allative jommallekummalle jommillekummille
essive jompanakumpana jompinakumpina
translative jommaksikummaksi jommiksikummiksi
abessive jommattakummatta jommittakummitta
instructive
comitative jompinekumpine

Pronoun[edit]

jompikumpi

  1. (indefinite) either one of two
    Jompikumpi teistä valehtelee.
    Either one of you lies.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The pronoun is generally treated as singular, with the exception of the imperative mood.
jompikumpi tulee
one of the two comes
tulkaa jompikumpi
come, either one of you two
  • jompikumpi also has plural forms, which are used with plural only words: jommatkummat häät (either one of the weddings).

Declension[edit]

Both parts are declined.

Inflection of jompikumpi (Kotus type 51/nuoripari)
nominative jompikumpi jommatkummat
genitive jommankumman jompienkumpien
partitive jompaakumpaa jompiakumpia
illative jompaankumpaan jompiinkumpiin
singular plural
nominative jompikumpi jommatkummat
accusative nom. jompikumpi jommatkummat
gen. jommankumman
genitive jommankumman jompienkumpien
jompainkumpienrare
jompienkumpainrare
jompainkumpainrare
partitive jompaakumpaa jompiakumpia
inessive jommassakummassa jommissakummissa
elative jommastakummasta jommistakummista
illative jompaankumpaan jompiinkumpiin
adessive jommallakummalla jommillakummilla
ablative jommaltakummalta jommiltakummilta
allative jommallekummalle jommillekummille
essive jompanakumpana jompinakumpina
translative jommaksikummaksi jommiksikummiksi
abessive jommattakummatta jommittakummitta
instructive
comitative jompinekumpine

Related terms[edit]

Pronouns with same stems:

Further reading[edit]