Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: jokin'


Alternative forms[edit]

  • jk (abbreviation, chiefly in dictionaries)


Pronoun stem jo- (see joka) + enclitic particle -kin.


  • IPA(key): /ˈjokin/, [ˈjo̞kin]
  • Rhymes: -okin
  • Syllabification(key): jo‧kin


jokin (stem jo-)

  1. (indefinite) something.
  2. (indefinite, adjectival) some, one, a.
  3. what have you
    Nyt tarvittaisiin vasara tai jotain.
    Now we need a hammer or what have you.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In colloquial Finnish, the forms of jokin (used to refer to non-human things in the standard language) and joku (used to refer to humans) have merged. So in referring to both humans and non-human things, joku is used in everyday speech and writing in the nominative singular (and its form jonkun sometimes in the genitive singular) and the nominative and accusative plural (jotkut), but the forms of jokin are used in all other grammatical cases to refer to both humans and non-human things. This is shown by the following examples of colloquial usage:
    joku mies / jollekin miehelle
    some man / to some man
    joku pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    some table / onto some table
    and the following examples of formal (standard language) usage:
    joku mies / jollekulle miehelle
    (meanings as above)
    jokin pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    (meanings as above)


The case suffixes are regular: only the first part jo- is declined; the enclitic particle -kin doesn't change its form. Some cases have parallel forms without the k. The instructive and abessive cases are extremely rarely or never used. The sublative, lative, and causative forms are used as adverbs.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Pronouns with same stems:

See also[edit]