jokin

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronoun stem jo- + enclitic particle -kin.

Pronoun[edit]

jokin ‎(stem jo-)

  1. (indefinite) something.
  2. (indefinite, adjectival) some, one, a.
  3. what have you, what-have-you, whathaveyou
    Nyt tarvittaisiin vasara tai jotain.
    Now we would need a hammer or what have you.

Declension[edit]

Case suffixes are regular; only the first part jo- is declined, the enclitic particle -kin doesn't change its form. Some cases have parallel forms without the k. The instructive and abessive cases are extremely rarely or never used. The sublative, lative and causative forms are used as adverbs.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In colloquial Finnish, the paradigms of jokin (used of non-human referents in the standard language) and joku (for human referents) have merged. Thus, colloquially, the word joku is used for the nominative singular and its plural form jotkut is used for the nominative plural when referring to both human and non-human referents, but for all other case categories, the forms originating in the paradigm of jokin (above) are used. This leads to the following pairs:
    joku mies / jollekin miehelle
    some man / to some man
    joku pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    some table / onto some table
    (colloquial; compare with the forms in the standard language:)
    joku mies / jollekulle miehelle
    (meanings as above)
    jokin pöytä / jollekin pöydälle
    (meanings as above)

Derived terms[edit]

  • jollakin tavalla (adessive sg.) = somehow, someway (or another), in some way (or another), (in) one way or another, by some means

Related terms[edit]

Pronouns with same stems:

See also[edit]