мужчина

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Russian[edit]

Мужчи́на

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since the 16th century as мущи́на (muščína),[1] from Old East Slavic *мужьщина (*mužĭščina), from Proto-Slavic *mǫžьščina, from *mǫžьskъ +‎ *-ina, from *mǫžь +‎ *-ьskъ. By surface analysis, мужско́й (mužskój) +‎ -ина (-ina). Cognates include Ukrainian мужчи́на (mužčýna), Belarusian мужчы́на (mužčýna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mʊˈɕːinə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

мужчи́на (mužčínam anim (genitive мужчи́ны, nominative plural мужчи́ны, genitive plural мужчи́н, relational adjective мужско́й, augmentative мужчи́нище)

  1. man (male person)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Filin, F. P., editor (1982), “мужчина (мущина)”, in Словарь русского языка XI–XVII вв. [Dictionary of the Russian Language: 11ᵗʰ–17ᵗʰ cc.] (in Russian), issue 9 (м – мяшин-), Moscow: Nauka, page 305

Further reading[edit]

  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1994), “*mǫžьščina”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 20 (*morzatъjь – *mъrsknǫti), Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 166
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “мущина”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *mǫžьščina. Cognates include Russian мужчи́на (mužčína), Belarusian мужчы́на (mužčýna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

мужчи́на (mužčýnam pers (genitive мужчи́ни, nominative plural мужчи́ни, genitive plural мужчи́н)

  1. man (male person)
    Synonym: (more common) чолові́к (čolovík)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]