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  • IPA(key): /ˈjɔ.ŋə(n)/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: jon‧gen
  • Rhymes: -ɔŋən

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch jonge, the -n derived from declined forms. Equivalent to nominal use of jong (young). Cognate with German Junge.


jongen m (plural jongens, diminutive jongetje n)

  1. A boy, any male child.
    • 1915, Nescio (pseudonum of Jan Hendrik Frederik Grönloh), Titaantjes, page 1.
      Jongens waren we — maar aardige jongens. Al zeg ik 't zelf.
      Boys we were — but we were nice boys. If I say so myself.
  2. (in the plural) Members of a male 'peers' group, e.g. a military unit.
  3. (informal, used in the plural, used in the vocative) Informal term used to address multiple children of masculine or mixed gender; kids, guys (may be considered insufficiently gender-inclusive).
  4. (colloquial, used in the vocative) Colloquial term used by men to address other familiar men; mate, dude, bro.
  5. (familiar) A male servant, especially but not exclusively a younger one (using it for older men may be dated and offensive).
    Synonym: boy
  6. (familiar) A male trainee or newcomer in a job.
Usage notes[edit]

The diminutive loses the -n.

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Jersey Dutch: jonge
  • Indonesian: jongos
  • Javanese: ꦗꦺꦴꦔꦺꦴꦱ꧀ (jongos)
  • Malay: nyong
  • Sranan Tongo: yongu
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From jong +‎ -en.



  1. (intransitive) To give birth, to have offspring, i.e. to deliver one or more young
  2. (figuratively, intransitive) To multiply, grow
Inflection of jongen (weak)
infinitive jongen
past singular jongde
past participle gejongd
infinitive jongen
gerund jongen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular jong jongde
2nd person sing. (jij) jongt jongde
2nd person sing. (u) jongt jongde
2nd person sing. (gij) jongt jongde
3rd person singular jongt jongde
plural jongen jongden
subjunctive sing.1 jonge jongde
subjunctive plur.1 jongen jongden
imperative sing. jong
imperative plur.1 jongt
participles jongend gejongd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. Plural form of jong




  1. inflection of jong:
    1. strong/weak nominative/accusative masculine singular
    2. weak dative masculine/neuter singular
    3. strong/weak dative plural