passivus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From patior (to endure) +‎ -īvus (adjective suffix). In the grammatical sense, it is a calque of Ancient Greek παθητικός (pathētikós).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

passīvus (feminine passīva, neuter passīvum, adverb passīvē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. subject to passion or emotion
  2. (grammar) passive (of a verb)

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative passīvus passīva passīvum passīvī passīvae passīva
Genitive passīvī passīvae passīvī passīvōrum passīvārum passīvōrum
Dative passīvō passīvō passīvīs
Accusative passīvum passīvam passīvum passīvōs passīvās passīva
Ablative passīvō passīvā passīvō passīvīs
Vocative passīve passīva passīvum passīvī passīvae passīva

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]