From Proto-Baltic *āˀbōl, genitive *āˀbeles (from this paradigm, the two forms ābols (“apple”) and ābele (“apple tree”) were later differentiated), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ébl̥, *h₂ebōl, a word which some consider a borrowing from some pre-Indo-European language. Cognates include Lithuanian obuolỹs, Proto-Slavic *ablъko (Old Church Slavonic аблъко (ablŭko), Russian яблоко (jábloko)), Proto-Celtic *abalom (Old Irish uball, Irish úll, Scottish Gaelic ubhal), Proto-Germanic *aplaz (English apple, German Apfel, Dutch appel, Swedish äpple).
ābols m (1st declension)
- apple fruit
- salds, skābs, sulīgs ābols — sweet, sour, juicy apple
- ābolu sula, vīns, ievārījums — apple juice, wine, jam
- ābola serde, sēklas, miza — apple core, seeds, skin
- sārts, vesels kā ābols — rosy, healthy as an apple
- žāvēti āboli — dried apples