Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- (grammar) case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb’s action. The absolutive case is used to mark the subject of an intransitive verb, as well as the object of a transitive verb (inasmuch as they are codified in the English nominative-accusative system). Some languages that employ the absolutive case include Abkhaz, Basque, Chechen, Dyirbal, Hindi, Inuktitut, Navajo, Hiligaynon, and Yup'ik.
case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb’s action