serius

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *swer- (heavy). Cognate with Old English swǣr (heavy, grave, grievous), German schwer (hard, difficult, heavy), Lithuanian sverti (to weigh, balance), svarùs (heavy). More at sweer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sērius (feminine sēria, neuter sērium); first/second declension

  1. grave, earnest, serious
  2. (figurative) late, tardy, belated

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative sērius sēria sērium sēriī sēriae sēria
genitive sēriī sēriae sēriī sēriōrum sēriārum sēriōrum
dative sēriō sēriō sēriīs
accusative sērium sēriam sērium sēriōs sēriās sēria
ablative sēriō sēriā sēriō sēriīs
vocative sērie sēria sērium sēriī sēriae sēria

Adverb[edit]

serius

  1. comparative degree of sērō

Descendants[edit]

Adverb[edit]

serius

  1. comparative degree of laetē

References[edit]

  • serius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • serius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “serius”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • serius” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • two days late: biduo serius
    • (ambiguous) to say in earnest..: serio dicere (Plaut. Bacch. 1. 1. 42)
  • serious in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911