חמור

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ḥimār- (donkey).

Noun[edit]

חֲמוֹר (khamórm (plural indefinite חֲמוֹרִים‎, feminine counterpart אָתוֹן‎)

  1. donkey
    • Exodus 4:20, with Young's Literal Translation:
      וַיִּקַּח מֹשֶׁה אֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וַיַּרְכִּבֵם עַל־הַחֲמֹר‎‎
      yayikách moshé et-ishtó v'et-banáv vayarkivém al-hachamór
      and Moses taketh his wife, and his sons, and causeth them to ride on the ass
    • Deuteronomy 22:10, with translation of the King James Version:
      לֹא־תַחֲרֹשׁ בְּשׁוֹר־וּבַחֲמֹר יַחְדָּו
      lo-tacharósh b'shor-uvachamór yachdáv
      Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together
    • a. 217 C.E., Mishnah, Bechorot 1:2:
      פָּרָה שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין חֲמוֹר, וַחֲמוֹר שֶׁיָּלְדָה כְּמִין סוּס, פָּטוּר מִן הַבְּכוֹרָה
      Paráh she-yaldáh k-min ḥamór, va-ḥamór she-yaldah k-min sus, patur min ha-b'khorah.
      A cow that births what looks like a donkey, or a donkey that births what looks like a horse, these are exempt from the firstborn offering.
  2. jackass (foolish person)

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • אתון('atón, jenny, female donkey)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

חָמוּר (khamur) (feminine חֲמוּרָה‎, masculine plural חֲמוּרִים‎, feminine plural חֲמוּרוֹת‎)

  1. severe, grave, serious, critical, drastic.

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew חמור‎.

Noun[edit]

חמור (khamerm, plural חמורים(khamoyrim)

  1. (derogatory) donkey, jackass, fool