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  1. plural of rude



Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *Hrew- (to tear up, dig up). Related to rudus.


rudis (neuter rude); third declension

  1. rough, raw, uncultivated
  2. unrefined, unskilled, awkward
  3. (New Latin) Used as a specific epithet

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative rudis rude rudēs rudia
genitive rudis rudium
dative rudī rudibus
accusative rudem rude rudēs, rudīs rudia
ablative rudī rudibus
vocative rudis rude rudēs rudia

Etymology 2[edit]

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rudis f (genitive rudis); third declension

  1. small stick
  2. foil (given to a gladiator upon his discharge)


Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rudis rudēs
genitive rudis rudium
dative rudī rudibus
accusative rudem rudēs
ablative rude
vocative rudis rudēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • rudis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rudis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rudis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • rudis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be well-informed, erudite: multarum rerum cognitione imbutum esse (opp. litterarum or eruditionis expertem esse or [rerum] rudem esse)
    • to be an inexperienced speaker: rudem, tironem ac rudem (opp. exercitatum) esse in dicendo
    • to have had no experience in war: rei militaris rudem esse
    • (ambiguous) to retire from service: rude donatum esse (Phil. 2. 29)
  • rudis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rudis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin