borb

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish borb (foolish, ignorant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

borb (genitive singular masculine boirb, genitive singular feminine boirbe, plural borba, comparative boirbe)

  1. brusque, gruff, abrupt; rude
  2. pungent

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • boirbe f (gruffness, rudeness)

Verb[edit]

borb (present analytic borbann, future analytic borbfaidh, verbal noun borbadh, past participle borbtha)

  1. (intransitive) Alternative form of borbaigh (get angry, rude)

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
borb bhorb mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 7

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

borb

  1. foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth
  2. fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative borb borb borb
Vocative buirb*
borb**
Accusative borb buirb
Genitive buirb buirbe buirb
Dative burb buirb burb
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative buirb borba
Vocative burbu
borba
Accusative burbu
borba
Genitive borb
Dative borbaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: borb
  • Scottish Gaelic: borb
  • Manx: barb

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
borb borb
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish borb (foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth; fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

borb (comparative buirbe)

  1. barbaric, barbarous
  2. boisterous
  3. brusque
  4. brutish, crude
  5. cruel, savage, fierce
  6. harsh
  7. knockabout
  8. rabid

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
borb bhorb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • borb” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “borb”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language