borb

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish borb (foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth; fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant).

Adjective[edit]

borb (genitive singular masculine boirb, genitive singular feminine boirbe, plural borba, comparative boirbe)

  1. fierce, violent; rude
  2. coarse, strong, pungent
  3. rank

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • boirbe f (fierceness; rudeness; coarseness; rankness)

Verb[edit]

borb (present analytic borbann, future analytic borbfaidh, verbal noun borbadh, past participle borbtha)

  1. (intransitive) Alternative form of borbaigh (get angry, rude)

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
borb bhorb mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "borb" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • borb” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

borb

  1. foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth
  2. fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative borb borb borb
Vocative buirb*
borb**
Accusative borb buirb
Genitive buirb buirbe buirb
Dative burb buirb burb
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative buirb borba
Vocative burbu
borba
Accusative burbu
borba
Genitive borb
Dative borbaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
borb borb
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • borb” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish borb (foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth; fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

borb (comparative buirbe)

  1. barbaric, barbarous
  2. boisterous
  3. brusque
  4. brutish, crude
  5. cruel, savage, fierce
  6. harsh
  7. knockabout
  8. rabid

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
borb bhorb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • borb” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.