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Lozenges (1)


Borrowing from Old French losenge ‎(rhombus), from Old French *lose ‎(flag-stone), from Vulgar Latin *lausa, from Gaulish *lausā, from Proto-Celtic *lausā ‎(stone), from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁w- ‎(stone). Cognate with Spanish losa ‎(square tile).



lozenge ‎(plural lozenges)

  1. (shapes) (heraldry) A quadrilateral with sides of equal length (rhombus), having two acute and two obtuse angles.
    • 1658, Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society 2007, p. 167:
      Wherein the decussis is made within a longilaterall square, with opposite angles, acute and obtuse at the intersection; and so upon progression making a Rhombus or Lozenge figuration [...].
    • 2004, Richard Fortey, The Earth, Folio Society 2011, p. 14:
      The floor is constructed from marble lozenges and triangles of every imaginable hue: yellow and pink and all manner of mottled and blotched shades, framed in white.
  2. A small tablet (originally diamond-shaped) or medicated sweet used to ease a sore throat.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 3, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.”  He at once secured attention by his informal method, and when presently the coughing of Jarvis […] interrupted the sermon, he altogether captivated his audience with a remark about cough lozenges being cheap and easily procurable.




lozenge ‎(third-person singular simple present lozenges, present participle lozenging, simple past and past participle lozenged)

  1. (transitive) To form into the shape of a lozenge.
  2. (transitive) To mark or emblazon with a lozenge.