lozenge

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English[edit]

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Lozenges (1)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French losenge (rhombus), from Old French *lose (flag-stone), from Vulgar Latin *lausa, from Gaulish *lausā, from Proto-Celtic *lausā (stone), from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁w- (stone). Cognate with Spanish losa (square tile).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lozenge (plural lozenges)

  1. (shapes) (heraldry) A quadrilateral with sides of equal length (rhombus), having two acute and two obtuse angles.
    • 1658, Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society 2007, p. 167:
      Wherein the decussis is made within a longilaterall square, with opposite angles, acute and obtuse at the intersection; and so upon progression making a Rhombus or Lozenge figuration [...].
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vani8ty Fair, Chapter 9:
      How the junior partner of Hobbs and Dobbs leads her smiling to the carriage with the lozenge upon it, and the fat wheezy coachman!
    • 2004, Richard Fortey, The Earth, Folio Society 2011, p. 14:
      The floor is constructed from marble lozenges and triangles of every imaginable hue: yellow and pink and all manner of mottled and blotched shades, framed in white.
  2. A small tablet (originally diamond-shaped) or medicated sweet used to ease a sore throat.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 3, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.”  He at once secured attention by his informal method, and when presently the coughing of Jarvis […] interrupted the sermon, he altogether captivated his audience with a remark about cough lozenges being cheap and easily procurable.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lozenge (third-person singular simple present lozenges, present participle lozenging, simple past and past participle lozenged)

  1. (transitive) To form into the shape of a lozenge.
  2. (transitive) To mark or emblazon with a lozenge.