derb

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: derb-

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • derbe (chiefly colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From a Low German merger of two unrelated adjectives: (1.) Old Saxon therbi(unleavened), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz; and (2.) Old Saxon derbi(coarse, warlike). Both regularly collapsed in Middle Low German derve(firm, bold). Older High German had only the former of the two adjectives and lacked the other: Middle High German derp(unleavened), from Old High German derb(unleavened). The modern word is formally High German, but its semantic development has been determined by the Middle Low German one. (The original sense “unleavened” is last met with in the 18th century.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɛʁp/, [dɛʁp], [dɛɐ̯p]

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derber, superlative am derbsten)

  1. rough, coarse, rude
  2. sturdy, tough

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • derb in Duden online

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þerbaz. Cognate with Old English þeorf (English tharf), Middle Dutch derf (Dutch derf), Old Norse þjarfr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

derb

  1. unleavened

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *derwos(firm), from Proto-Indo-European *drewh₂-(steady, firm), extension of *dóru(tree). Compare Old English trēowe, English true.

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derbu)

  1. sure, certain, fixed, determinate
Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]
  • derb-(surely, really, truly; sure, certain, reliable; genuine; own, special)
Derived terms[edit]
  • derba(certainty)
  • derbaid(certifies, proves, confirms, attests; ratifies, establishes; avers, asserts, declares, vows; tests, puts to the proof)
  • derbda(certain, fixed)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

derb f

  1. vessel for liquids, pail, churn
Inflection[edit]
Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
derb derb
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
nderb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.