derb

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: derb-

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • derbe (chiefly colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From a Low German merger of two unrelated adjectives: (1.) Old Saxon therbi (unleavened), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz; and (2.) Old Saxon derbi (coarse, warlike). Both regularly collapsed in Middle Low German derve (firm, bold). Older High German had only the former of the two adjectives and lacked the other: Middle High German derp (unleavened), from Old High German derb (unleavened). The modern word is formally High German, but its semantic development has been determined by the Middle Low German one. (The original sense “unleavened” is last met with in the 18th century.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɛʁp/, [dɛʁp], [dɛɐ̯p]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derber, superlative am derbsten)

  1. rough, coarse, rude
  2. sturdy, tough
  3. (lexicography, literature, sociography) pertaining to a manner of intercourse that is wittingly aggressive, purposefully unrefined – cocky, cheeky, flippant, brazen

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • derb in Duden online

Old High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þerbaz. Cognate with Old English þeorf (English tharf), Middle Dutch derf (Dutch derf), Old Norse þjarfr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

derb

  1. unleavened

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *derwos (firm), from Proto-Indo-European *drewh₂- (steady, firm), extension of *dóru (tree). Compare Old English trēowe, English true.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

derb (comparative derbu)

  1. sure, certain, fixed, determinate

Inflection[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative derb derb derb
Vocative deirb*
derb**
Accusative derb deirb
Genitive deirb deirbe deirb
Dative derb deirb derb
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative deirb derba
Vocative derbu
derba
Accusative derbu
derba
Genitive derb
Dative derbaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
derb derb
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
nderb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]