tharf

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See also: þarf

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English therf, from Old English þeorf (unleavened, fresh, skim), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz (unleavened, simple), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terbh-, *(s)trebh- (rigid, stiff, tight). Cognate with German derb (rough, coarse, rude), Old Frisian therve, Middle Dutch derf, Middle High German derp, Icelandic þjarfur (unleavened).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tharf (comparative more tharf, superlative most tharf)

  1. (obsolete) Unleavened.
  2. (obsolete) Stiff, unsocial, rough in manner.
    a tharf person

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English þearf, first and third person singular indicative of þurfan (to be in need, have need of, need to, be required to, be obliged to, owe), from Proto-Germanic *þurfaną, *þurbaną, *þerbaną (may, need to, be allowed to), from Proto-Indo-European *terp-, *trep- (to saturate, enjoy). Cognate with Dutch durf ((I) dare) (infinitive durven), German darf ((I) am allowed to) (infinitive dürfen), Swedish tarva (to require), Icelandic þarf ((I) need) (infinitive þurfa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tharf

  1. first/third-person singular indicative of thurven

Descendants[edit]

  • English: thair
  • Scots: thair

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þarbō; cognate with Old English þearf, Old High German darba, Old Icelandic þörf, Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌰 (þarba). Compare thurvan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tharf f (genitive tharvo)

  1. need, lack, necessity

Declension[edit]


Related terms[edit]