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See also: þarf



Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tharf (infinitive thurven; also thar, dar by confusion with forms of dare), from Old English þearf, first and third person singular indicative of þurfan ‎(to be in need, have need of, need to, be required to, be obliged to, owe), from Proto-Germanic *þurfaną, *þurbaną, *þerbaną ‎(may, need to, be allowed to), from Proto-Indo-European *terp-, *trep- ‎(to saturate, enjoy). Cognate with Dutch durf ‎((I) dare) (infinitive durven), German darf ‎((I) am allowed to) (infinitive dürfen), Swedish tarva ‎(to require), Icelandic þarf ‎((I) need) (infinitive þurfa).

Alternative forms[edit]


tharf ‎(third-person singular simple present tharf, present participle thurving or tharving, simple past thurft or tharved, past participle -)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete) To need; lack.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English therf, from Old English þeorf ‎(unleavened, fresh, skim), from Proto-Germanic *þerbaz ‎(unleavened, simple), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)terbh-, *(s)trebh- ‎(rigid, stiff, tight). Cognate with German derb ‎(rough, coarse, rude), Old Frisian therve, Middle Dutch derf, Middle High German derp, Icelandic þjarfur ‎(unleavened).


tharf ‎(comparative more tharf, superlative most tharf)

  1. (obsolete) Unleavened.
  2. (obsolete) Stiff, unsocial, rough in manner.
    A thraf person.
Derived terms[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]



From Proto-Germanic *þarbō; cognate with Old English þearf, Old High German darba, Old Icelandic þörf, Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌰 ‎(þarba). Compare thurvan.


tharf f ‎(genitive tharvo)

  1. need, lack, necessity


Related terms[edit]