dürfen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German durfan, from Proto-Germanic *þurbaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (most of Germany) IPA(key): /ˈdʏrfən/, ['dʏʁf(ə)n], ['dʏɐ̯f(ə)n]
  • (parts of southern Germany; Austria, Switzerland) IPA(key): /'dʏrfən/, ['d̥ʏrfən], ['d̥ʏrfɛn]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

dürfen ‎(irregular, third-person singular simple present darf, past tense durfte, past participle gedurft, auxiliary haben)

  1. (auxiliary, infinitive replaces past participle) To be allowed (to do something); to be permitted (to do something); may.
    Darf ich gehen? — “May I go?”
    Ich habe gehen dürfen. — “I was allowed to go.”
  2. (intransitive or transitive, past participle as above) To be allowed or permitted to do something implied or previously stated; may.
    Ja, du darfst. — “Yes, you may.”
    Ich habe es gedurft. — “I was allowed [to do] it.”

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]