գազան

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գազան (gazan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

գազան (gazan)

  1. wild beast
  2. (figuratively) brute, cruel man

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

գազան (gazan) (superlative ամենագազան)

  1. brutal, bestial; atrocious, savage

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing: compare Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (gzytn' /gazīdan/), Persian گزیدن(gazidan, to bite, sting), گزان(gazân, biting).[1][2][3][4]

Noun[edit]

գազան (gazan)

  1. wild predatory beast
    • 5th century, with changes and additions in later centuries, Baroyaxōs [Physiologus] Earliest recension (TR).2.1:[5]
      Սկսցուք ասել վասն առիւծուն, որ թագաւոր է ամենայն գազանաց կամ թէ ամենայն իսկ անասնոց։
      Skscʿukʿ asel vasn aṙiwcun, or tʿagawor ē amenayn gazanacʿ kam tʿē amenayn isk anasnocʿ.
      • Translation by Gohar Muradyan
        Let us begin to speak of the lion, the king of all the beasts or all the animals.
  2. elephant
  3. serpent; dragon
  4. (figuratively) brutal, beastly man

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

գազան (gazan)

  1. strong (of brine, vinegar)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: գազան (gazan)

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V., “գազան”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English]‎[4], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, 1879
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M., “գազան”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language]‎[5] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, 1836–1837
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay, “գազան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words]‎[6] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, 1971–1979

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patkanean, Kʿ., “Tʿē inčʿ teł ē bṙnum hayerēn lezun hndka-ewropakan lezuneri šrǰanum [About the Place of Armenian Among Indo-European Languages]”, in Pʿorj[1] (in Armenian), volume III, Tiflis, 1880, page 84
  2. ^ Pedersen, Holger, “Zur armenischen Sprachgeschichte”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen[2] (in German), volume 38, issue 2, 1905, page 198
  3. ^ Bailey, H. W., “A Range of Iranica”, in Mary Boyce, Ilya Gershevitch, editors, W.B. Henning memorial volume, London: Lund Humphries, 1970, page 27
  4. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette, The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1999, page 293
  5. ^ Muradyan, Gohar, Physiologus: The Greek and Armenian Versions with a Study of Translation Technique (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 6)‎[3], Leuven – Paris – Dudley: Peeters, 2005, pages 87, 141