bestial

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French bestial, from Late Latin bēstiālis, from Latin bēstia (beast) (whence English beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bestial (comparative more bestial, superlative most bestial)

  1. (literally and figuratively) Beast-like
    • c. 1604, William Shakespeare, Othello, Act II, Scene 3, [1]
      Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I have lost my reputation! I have lost the immortal part of myself, and what remains is bestial.
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 4, lines 753-4, [2]
      By thee adulterous lust was driven from men /
      Among the bestial herds to range []
    • 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, [3]
      This familiar that I called out of my own soul, and sent forth alone to do his good pleasure, was a being inherently malign and villainous; his every act and thought centered on self; drinking pleasure with bestial avidity from any degree of torture to another; relentless like a man of stone.

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin bēstiālis, from Latin bēstia (beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bestial (feminine singular bestiale, masculine plural bestiaux, feminine plural bestiales)

  1. bestial

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Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First known attestation circa 1190, borrowed from Latin bēstiālis.

Adjective[edit]

bestial m (oblique and nominative feminine singular bestiale)

  1. bestial (of or relating to a beast)

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Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin bēstiālis, from Latin bēstia (beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bestial m, f (plural bestiais, comparable)

  1. bestial; brutish
  2. beastly

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bestial, Late Latin bēstiālis, from Latin bēstia (beast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bestial m, n (feminine singular bestială, masculine plural bestiali, feminine and neuter plural bestiale)

  1. bestial, animal
  2. (informal) cool

Usage notes[edit]

As indicated by the informal meaning of "cool", this word does not have the same negative connotations as in English.

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Late Latin bēstiālis, from Latin bēstia (beast).

Adjective[edit]

bestial (plural bestiales)

  1. beastly
  2. massive, huge, giant
  3. tremendous, fantastic, awesome

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