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Alternative forms[edit]




  1. at home
    Synonym: (North Wales, colloquial) adref
    Dydw i ddim yn aros gartref nawr.
    I'm not staying at home now.
  2. (South Wales, colloquial) homewards
    Synonyms: (North Wales, colloquial) adref, am adref, tuag adref, (South Wales, colloquial) tua thref
    Sa i'n mynd gartref nawr.
    I'm not going home now.

Usage notes[edit]

In the standard language, gartref is the adverb of position "at home" whereas adref is the adverb of motion "home(wards)". In more informal language however, both meaning are covered by colloquial versions of gartref in the south and of adref in the north.



  1. Soft mutation of cartref.


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cartref gartref nghartref chartref
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gartref”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies