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Of unknown origin. Possibly related to Proto-Germanic *hamô (collar, harness, fishnet).[1] Traditionally compared to Ancient Greek χάβος (khábos, muzzle, curved), but de Vaan rejects the possibility of a loan due to the vowel length.





hāmus m (genitive hāmī); second declension

  1. A hook
  2. A fishhook
  3. The barb of an arrow



Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hāmus hāmī
Genitive hāmī hāmōrum
Dative hāmō hāmīs
Accusative hāmum hāmōs
Ablative hāmō hāmīs
Vocative hāme hāmī



Derived terms



  • Catalan: ham
  • Dalmatian: jam
  • French: hameçon (from diminutive form)
  • Friulian: amp
  • Galician: anzol, amocelo (from diminutive forms)
  • Italian: amo
  • Portuguese: anzol (from diminutive form)
  • Sardinian (Campidanese): amu
  • Sicilian: amu
  • Spanish: hamo, anzuelo (from diminutive form)


  • hamus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • hamus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • hamus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • hamus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • hamus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 279
  1. ^ Priebsch, R., Collinson, W. E. (1938). The German Language. United States: Macmillan, p. 43