pelago

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin pelagus, from Ancient Greek πέλαγος (pélagos).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.la.ɡo/, [ˈpɛːl̺äɡo̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɛlaɡo
  • Stress: pèlago
  • Hyphenation: pe‧la‧go

Noun[edit]

pelago m (plural pelaghi) (literary)

  1. sea, open sea
    Synonyms: mare, ponto (literary)
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno [The Divine Comedy: Hell] (paperback, in Italian), 12th edition, Le Monnier, published 1994, Canto I, lines 22–27, page 7, in Italian), :
      E come quei che con lena affannata, ¶ uscito fuor dal pelago a la riva, ¶ si volge a l’acqua perigliosa e guata, ¶ così l’animo mio, ch’ancor fuggiva, ¶ si volse a retro a rimirar lo passo ¶ che non lasciò già mai persona viva.
      And even as he, who, with distressful breath, forth issued from the sea upon the shore, turns to the water perilous and gazes; so did my soul, that still was fleeing onward, turn itself back to re-behold the pass which never yet a living person left.
    • 1850, Giosuè Carducci, “Canto di primavera”, in Juvenilia[1], volume Libro II, in Italian), Nicola Zanichelli, published 1906, lines 1–3, 7–9, page 41, in Italian), :
      Qual sovra la profonda ¶ Pace del glauco pelago ¶ Uscí Venere, [] ¶ Primavera beata ¶ Su le pianure italiche ¶ Sorride
      Like Venus having risen upon the profound calm of the white sea, blessed Spring smiles upon the Italic plains
  2. Figurative senses:
    1. An overwhelming passion.
      • 1353, Giovanni Boccaccio, “Prohemio [Preface]”, in Decamerone [Decameron]‎[2], in Italian), Tommaso Hedlin, published 1527, page 1, in Italian), :
        quel piacere, che egli è uſato di porgere a chi troppo non ſi mette ne ſuoi piu cupi pelaghi navigando
        that pleasure, that He [Love] usually grants to those who do not sail in his darkest seas
    2. A complex matter.
      • 17th c., Galileo Galilei, Dialogo terzo, in Italian), collected in Opere di Galileo Galilei, volume 4, Padova, published 1744, page 200, in Italian), :
        mi ricordo ancora, che quando ſtudiavo filoſofia, non reſtai perſuaſo dalla dimoſtrazione d'Ariſtotile; anzi che avevo molte eſperienze in contrario: le quali vi potrei anco addurre, ma non voglio, che entriamo in altri pelaghi
        I still remember, when I was studying philosophy, not being convinced by Aristotle's demonstration, but rather having many experiences to the contrary, which I might even mention, but I'd rather not open other cans of worms
    3. A group of various annoyances.
    4. A very large quantity (of something).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

pelagō

  1. dative singular of pelagus
  2. ablative singular of pelagus