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From Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬁𐬙𐬀 (urvāta)), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo-.


  • Hyphenation: व्र‧त


व्रत ‎(vratan

  1. will
  2. command
  3. law
  4. ordinance
  5. rule
  6. obedience
  7. service
  8. dominion, realm
  9. sphere of action, function, mode or manner of life
  10. conduct
  11. manner, usage, custom
  12. a religious vow or practice
  13. any pious observance
  14. meritorious act of devotion or austerity
  15. solemn vow
  16. rule
  17. holy practice


Neuter a-stem declension of व्रत
Nom. sg. व्रतम्(vratam)
Gen. sg. व्रतस्य(vratasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative व्रतम्(vratam) व्रते(vrate) व्रतानि(vratāni)
Vocative व्रत(vrata) व्रते(vrate) व्रतानि(vratāni)
Accusative व्रतम्(vratam) व्रते(vrate) व्रतानि(vratāni)
Instrumental व्रतेन(vratena) व्रताभ्याम्(vratābhyām) व्रतैः(vrataiḥ)
Dative व्रता(vratā) व्रताभ्याम्(vratābhyām) व्रतेभ्यः(vratebhyaḥ)
Ablative व्रतात्(vratāt) व्रताभ्याम्(vratābhyām) व्रतेभ्यः(vratebhyaḥ)
Genitive व्रतस्य(vratasya) व्रतयोः(vratayoḥ) व्रतानाम्(vratānām)
Locative व्रते(vrate) व्रतयोः(vratayoḥ) व्रतेषु(vrateṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1042