जव

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Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

From Old Marathi 𑘕𑘄 (jau), from Maharastri Prakrit 𑀚𑀯 (java), from Sanskrit यव (yáva). Compare Hindustani جَو‎ / जौ (jau), Gujarati જવ (jav), Punjabi ਜੌਂ (jaũ) / جوں(jō̃).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जव (javm

  1. barley

Further reading[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “जव”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “जव”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna (1932-1950) , “जव”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “yáva”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 603.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

जव m

  1. Devanagari script form of java

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

जू (√jū, hurry, speed, press forward, incite)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जव (jávam

  1. speed, velocity, swiftness
  2. haste, hurry
  3. impulse of the mind (Vedic, only in the plural)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.71.8
      हृदा तष्टेषु मनसो जवेषु
      hr̥dā́ taṣṭéṣu mánaso javéṣu
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of जव (jáva)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जवः
jávaḥ
जवौ
jávau
जवाः / जवासः¹
jávāḥ / jávāsaḥ¹
Vocative जव
jáva
जवौ
jávau
जवाः / जवासः¹
jávāḥ / jávāsaḥ¹
Accusative जवम्
jávam
जवौ
jávau
जवान्
jávān
Instrumental जवेन
jávena
जवाभ्याम्
jávābhyām
जवैः / जवेभिः¹
jávaiḥ / jávebhiḥ¹
Dative जवाय
jávāya
जवाभ्याम्
jávābhyām
जवेभ्यः
jávebhyaḥ
Ablative जवात्
jávāt
जवाभ्याम्
jávābhyām
जवेभ्यः
jávebhyaḥ
Genitive जवस्य
jávasya
जवयोः
jávayoḥ
जवानाम्
jávānām
Locative जवे
jáve
जवयोः
jávayoḥ
जवेषु
jáveṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Tamil: சவம் (cavam)
  • Pali: java

Adjective[edit]

जव (jáva)

  1. swift, fast