جلد

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See also: خلد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *gild-. Compare Aramaic 𐡂𐡋𐡃𐡀(gldʾ), Classical Syriac ܓܠܕܐ(geldā), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic גלדא(geldā), Hebrew גֶּלֶד(géleḏ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒild/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

جِلْد (jildm (plural أَجْلَاد(ʾajlād) or جُلُود(julūd))

  1. skin
  2. hide (skin of an animal)
  3. leather

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: جلد(gild)
  • Gulf Arabic: جلد(jild)
  • Azerbaijani: cild
  • Indonesian: jilid
  • Kurdish:
    • Kurdish: cild
    • Central Kurdish: جلد(cild)
  • Malay: jilid
  • Persian: جلد(jeld)
  • Swahili: jalada

Verb[edit]

جَلَدَ (jalada) I, non-past يَجْلِدُ‎‎ (yajlidu)

  1. to hit (someone) on the skin, to lash, to whip, to flog
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 24:2:
      ٱَلزَّانِيَةُ وَٱلزَّانِي فَٱجْلِدُوا كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا مِئَةَ جَلْدَةٍ‎‎
      ʾaz-zāniyatu wa-z-zānī fa-jlidū kulla wāḥidin minhumā miʾata jaldatin
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Conjugation[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَلْد (jaldm

  1. verbal noun of جَلَدَ (jalada) (form I): whipping, flogging

Conjugation[edit]


Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic جِلْد(jild).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جلد (gildm (plural جلود(gilūd))

  1. (anatomy) skin

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *yeh₂-(compare Ancient Greek ζῆλος (zêlos)). Akin to Persian یل(yal, hero, warrior).

Adjective[edit]

جلد (jald)

  1. (somewhat archaic) nimble, agile

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic جِلْد(jild, skin, hide).

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian جلد
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҷилд (jild)

جلد (jeld) (plural جلدها(jeld-hâ))

  1. (archaic) hide (skin of an animal)
  2. binding (of a book)
  3. volume (of a book)