人形

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese

[edit]
man; person; people
to appear; to look; form
to appear; to look; form; shape
 
simp. and trad.
(人形)

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

人形

  1. human shape or appearance
  2. doll; puppet

Derived terms

[edit]

Japanese

[edit]
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
人形 (ningyō, hitogata): a doll for Hina matsuri.

Etymology 1

[edit]
Kanji in this term
にん
Grade: 1
ぎょう
Grade: 2
goon

From Middle Chinese compound 人形 (nyin heng, literally person shape).

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(にん)(ぎょう) (ningyōにんぎやう (ningyau)?

  1. doll; puppet
    • 2015 August 16, mothy [mothy] (lyrics and music), “バリーゾールの子供は一人っ子 [Barisol's Child is an Only Child]”:
      (しつ)(ない)(ころ)がった(にん)(ぎょう)   ()(あし)はバラバラで(あたた)かい
      Shitsunai ni korogatta ningyō   teashi wa barabara de atatakai
      The dolls scattered inside the room, their limbs were warm and in pieces
  2. a picture of someone's appearance
  3. (figurative) a puppet, one who carries out actions for someone else
  4. (less common) a tailor's dummy, a mannequin
Usage notes
[edit]

For the general sense of doll, the ningyō reading appears to be more common.

Coordinate terms
[edit]
Derived terms
[edit]

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
かた > がた
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (hito, person) +‎ (kata, shape, form). The kata changes to gata as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative forms

[edit]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(ひと)(がた) (hitogata

  1. a human shape
  2. a doll
  3. a tailor's dummy, a mannequin
  4. a proxy, a representative
  5. a person's appearance
  6. a description or sketch of a person, as in a wanted poster created by the police

References

[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Korean

[edit]
Hanja in this term

Noun

[edit]

人形 (inhyeong) (hangeul 인형)

  1. Hanja form? of 인형 (doll, puppet).