イギリス

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Japanese[edit]

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 イギリス on Japanese Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese inglês (English, adjective)[1][2][3]. Compare English English (adjective), Mandarin 英吉利 (Yīngjílì, England).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

イギリス (rōmaji Igirisu)

  1. the United Kingdom; the UK
    • 2008 April 20, Himaruya, Hidekaz, “Meeting of the World”, in Axis Powers ヘタリア [Axis Powers Hetalia], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Gentosha, ISBN 978-4-344-81275-8:
      じゃあ お兄さんはアメリカとイギリスに反対ってことで
      どっちだよ!
      Jā onī-san wa Amerika to Igirisu ni hantaitte koto de
      Dotchi da yo!
      Then I, as big brother, disagree with America and UK
      You can’t disagree with both
    • Himaruya, Hidekaz, “ヘタリアと愉快な仲間たち [Hetalia and Blissful Friends]”, in Axis Powers ヘタリア [Axis Powers Hetalia], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Gentosha, ISBN 978-4-344-82234-4, page 11:
      イギリス
      【首都】ロンドン
      【公用語】英語
      【国花】ナルキッソス バラ
      【国旗の意味】
      イングランド、スコットランド、アイルランドの旗を紋章学の手法で、点対称図形になるようアレンジ。
      Igirisu
      [Shuto] Rondon
      [Kōyōgo] Eigo
      [Kokka] Narukissosu bara
      [Kokki no imi]
      Ingurando, Sukottorando, Airurando no hata o monshōgaku no shuhō de, tentaishō zukei ni naru yō arenji.
      UK
      [Capital] London
      [Official language] English
      [National flower] Narcissus, rose
      [National flag’s meaning]
      The flags of England, Scotland and Ireland are superimposed on each other through a point reflection, using heraldic techniques.
  2. (loosely, chiefly in compounds) Britain
    イギリス (ぐん)
    Igirisu-gun
    the British Armed Forces
    イギリス (りく) (ぐん)
    Igirisu Rikugun
    the British Army
  3. (loosely) England

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is frequently used in compounds, corresponding to English British (of Britain; of the UK, adjective).

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9