降りる

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "降りる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
降りる [òríꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 降りろ [òríꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 降りられる りられ [òríráréꜜrù]
Causative 降りさせる りさせ [òrísáséꜜrù]
Potential 降りられる りられ [òríráréꜜrù]
Volitional 降りよう りよ [òríyóꜜò]
Negative 降りない ない [òríꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 降りなかった なかった [òríꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 降ります りま [òrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 降りた りた [óꜜrìtà]
Conjunctive 降りて りて [óꜜrìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 降りれば れば [òríꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

()りる (oriruintransitive ichidan (stem () (ori), past ()りた (orita))

Japanese verb pair
active 降ろす
mediopassive 降りる
  1. get off, disembark
    バスから()りる/バス()りる
    basu kara oriru/basu o oriru
    to get off the bus
  2. descend, go down
  3. step down, retire
  4. give up, quit

Usage notes[edit]

The kanji usage of 降りる versus 下りる (both pronounced おりる and with very similar meanings of “to lower (oneself)”) is somewhat delicate.

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN