saluto

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: salutò

Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

saluto (accusative singular saluton, plural salutoj, accusative plural salutojn)

  1. greeting

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Noun[edit]

saluto (plural saluti)

  1. greeting

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From salutare.

Noun[edit]

saluto m (plural saluti)

  1. hello, good morning, good night, goodbye, farewell
  2. greetings, regards
  3. nod, wave of the hand
  4. (military) salute
  5. short visit to a person

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

saluto

  1. first-person singular present of salutare

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From salūs (health, prosperity, wellness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

salūtō (present infinitive salūtāre, perfect active salūtāvī, supine salūtātum); first conjugation

  1. I preserve, keep safe.
  2. I greet, salute.
  3. I pay respects.
  4. I bid farewell, take leave.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of saluto (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present salūtō salūtās salūtat salūtāmus salūtātis salūtant
imperfect salūtābam salūtābās salūtābat salūtābāmus salūtābātis salūtābant
future salūtābō salūtābis salūtābit salūtābimus salūtābitis salūtābunt
perfect salūtāvī salūtāvistī, salūtāsti1 salūtāvit salūtāvimus salūtāvistis, salūtāstis1 salūtāvērunt, salūtāvēre
pluperfect salūtāveram salūtāverās salūtāverat salūtāverāmus salūtāverātis salūtāverant
future perfect salūtāverō salūtāveris salūtāverit salūtāverimus salūtāveritis salūtāverint
passive present salūtor salūtāris, salūtāre salūtātur salūtāmur salūtāminī salūtantur
imperfect salūtābar salūtābāris, salūtābāre salūtābātur salūtābāmur salūtābāminī salūtābantur
future salūtābor salūtāberis, salūtābere salūtābitur salūtābimur salūtābiminī salūtābuntur
perfect salūtātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect salūtātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect salūtātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present salūtem salūtēs salūtet salūtēmus salūtētis salūtent
imperfect salūtārem salūtārēs salūtāret salūtārēmus salūtārētis salūtārent
perfect salūtāverim salūtāverīs salūtāverit salūtāverīmus salūtāverītis salūtāverint
pluperfect salūtāvissem, salūtāssem1 salūtāvissēs, salūtāsses1 salūtāvisset, salūtāsset1 salūtāvissēmus, salūtāssemus1 salūtāvissētis, salūtāssetis1 salūtāvissent, salūtāssent1
passive present salūter salūtēris, salūtēre salūtētur salūtēmur salūtēminī salūtentur
imperfect salūtārer salūtārēris, salūtārēre salūtārētur salūtārēmur salūtārēminī salūtārentur
perfect salūtātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect salūtātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present salūtā salūtāte
future salūtātō salūtātō salūtātōte salūtantō
passive present salūtāre salūtāminī
future salūtātor salūtātor salūtantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives salūtāre salūtāvisse, salūtāsse1 salūtātūrus esse salūtārī salūtātus esse salūtātum īrī
participles salūtāns salūtātūrus salūtātus salūtandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
salūtāre salūtandī salūtandō salūtandum salūtātum salūtātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • saluto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • saluto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • saluto” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • in some one's name; on some one's behalf (not nomine alicuius): verbis alicuius, e.g. salutare (Liv. 9. 36)
    • (ambiguous) to risk one's life: salutem, vitam suam in discrimen offerre (not exponere)
    • (ambiguous) to bring aid to; to rescue: auxilium, opem, salutem ferre alicui
    • (ambiguous) to deliver, rescue a person: salutem alicui afferre
    • (ambiguous) to effect a person's deliverance: salutem expedire
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) I drink your health: propīno tibi hoc (poculum, salutem)
    • (ambiguous) to greet a person: salutem alicui dicere, impertire, nuntiare
    • (ambiguous) Cicero sends cordial greetings to Atticus: Cicero Attico S.D.P. (salutem dicit plurimam)
    • (ambiguous) my best wishes for your welfare: tibi plurimam salutem
    • (ambiguous) remember me to your brother: nuntia fratri tuo salutem verbis meis (Fam. 7. 14)
    • (ambiguous) to add to one's letter good wishes to some one: adscribere alicui salutem (Att. 5. 20. 9)
    • (ambiguous) to devote oneself body and soul to the good of the state: totum et animo et corpore in salutem rei publicae se conferre
    • (ambiguous) to beg for mercy from the conqueror: salutem petere a victore
    • (ambiguous) to seek safety in flight: fuga salutem petere