万歳

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See also: 萬歲 and 万岁

Japanese[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 2
せい > ぜい
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 萬歲 (MC mʉɐnH siuᴇiH). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

万歳 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 萬歲, hiragana ばんぜい, rōmaji banzei)

  1. an extremely long period of time
  2. long life and glory
  3. an expression of celebration
  4. death

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 2
さい > ざい
Grade: S
goon kan’on

Shift in reading, keeping the older goon reading for the first character and adopting the relatively newer kan'on reading for the second character.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

万歳 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 萬歲, hiragana ばんざい, rōmaji banzai)

  1. an extremely long period of time
  2. an expression of celebration
  3. (from raising ones hands three times in cheer) raising ones hands
  4. (from raising ones hands in defeat) business troubles, bankruptcy

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
まん
Grade: 2
さい > ざい
Grade: S
goon

From Middle Chinese 萬歲 (MC mʉɐnH siuᴇiH). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

万歳 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 萬歲, hiragana まんざい, rōmaji manzai)

  1. an extremely long period of time
  2. a song and dance to celebrate a new year
  3. a song sung to celebrate a new year
  4. an expression of celebration

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN