hív

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See also: hiv, HIV, HIV+, and HIV-

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Uralic *kaŋe- (to call).[1][2]

Verb[edit]

hív

  1. (transitive) to call (to request, summon, or beckon)
  2. (transitive) to call (to contact by telephone)
    Hívom a rendőrséget.I'm calling the police.
  3. (transitive) to call (to name or refer to)
    Hogy hívnak? (informal)What's your name? (literally, “How are you called?”)
    Note: It can also mean "What's my name?" or "What's our name?" (Or: How do people refer to me/us when they speak about me/us?) If unambiguity is required, téged, titeket, engem, or minket can be added.
    Hogy hívják? (formal)What's your name? (literally, “How are you called?”)
    Note: It can also mean "What's his/her/its/their name?" If unambiguity is required, önt, önöket, őt, őket, ezt/azt or ezeket/azokat can be added.

Usage notes[edit]

In terms of introducing people, the verb's indefinite form (e.g. hívnak in present tense) is used to express when someone calls (literally "they call") me or us or you in the informal way, singular or plural (or somebody, an indefinite, unspecified person), that is, when I am called, we are called, or (informal) you are called, i.e. "my name" or "our name(s)", or (informal) "your name" is referred to, I am introduced, we are introduced, or (informal) you are introduced.

On the other hand, its definite form (e.g. hívják in present tense) is used to express when someone calls (literally "they call") him, her, it, them, or you in the formal way (or another definite person or several definite people), that is, when he/she/it is called or they are called or (formal) you are called, i.e. "his/her/its name", "their name(s)" or (formal) "your name" is referred to, he/she/it is introduced, they are introduced or (formal) you are introduced.

Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Etymology 2[edit]

A variant form of (loyal).

Adjective[edit]

hív (comparative hívebb, superlative leghívebb)

  1. (archaic) loyal, faithful, devoted
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hív (plural hívek)

  1. follower (one who follows), adherent
    Synonyms: követő, támogató
  2. devotee, admirer, enthusiast, fan
    Synonyms: rajongó, hódoló
  3. (religion, plural only) the faithful, parishioners, the congregation
    Synonyms: gyülekezet, egyházközség

Usage notes[edit]

Normally it is only used with possessive suffixes: hívem, híved, híve, etc., see below in the box "Possessive forms of hív".

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative hív hívek
accusative hívet híveket
dative hívnek híveknek
instrumental hívvel hívekkel
causal-final hívért hívekért
translative hívvé hívekké
terminative hívig hívekig
essive-formal hívként hívekként
essive-modal
inessive hívben hívekben
superessive híven híveken
adessive hívnél híveknél
illative hívbe hívekbe
sublative hívre hívekre
allative hívhez hívekhez
elative hívből hívekből
delative hívről hívekről
ablative hívtől hívektől
Possessive forms of hív
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hívem híveim
2nd person sing. híved híveid
3rd person sing. híve hívei
1st person plural hívünk híveink
2nd person plural hívetek híveitek
3rd person plural hívük híveik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #240 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN