ܫܠܡܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ(š-l-m) related to completing, from Proto-Semitic *šalām-; compare Phoenician 𐤔𐤋𐤌(šlm). Cognates include Arabic سَلَام(salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם(šālōm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ʃ(ə.)ˈlɑ.mɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃlɑ.mɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃlo.mo]

Interjection[edit]

ܫܠܵܡܵܐ or ܫܠܳܡܳܐ (šəlāmā or šlomo)

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܵܡܵܐ or ܫܠܳܡܳܐ (šəlāmā or šlomo)

  1. peace, wholeness, perfection, completeness
    • Peshitta, Epistle to the Colossians 1:2:
      ܫܠܡܐ ܥܡܟܘܢ ܘܛܝܒܘܬܐ ܡܢ ܐܠܗܐ ܐܒܘܢ‎‎
      šəlāmā ʿamḵōn wə-ṭaybūṯā men ʾălāhā ʾăḇūn
      Peace be with you and grace from God our Father
  2. health, welfare, safety, prosperity
  3. greeting, salutation, salute
  4. (Christianity) pax, kiss of peace
  5. (ecclesiastical) invocation of peace, pax vobiscum
Inflection[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ(š-l-m) related to completing; compare Hebrew שָׁלֵם(šālēm). The sense of "strong plural" is a calque of Arabic سَالِم(sālim).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʃal.mɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃal.mɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃɑl.mo]

Adjective[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (šalmām (plural ܫܠܡܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܫܠܡܬܐ‎)

  1. peaceful, harmonious
  2. whole, perfect, unblemished, complete, entire, full, achieved
  3. healthy, well, safe, sound, prosperous
  4. common, accessible
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (šalmām (plural ܫܠܡܐ (šalmē))

  1. (grammar) strong plural (as opposed to a broken plural)
  2. holocaust, sacrifice, burnt offering
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʃɑl.mɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃɑl.mɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃol.mo]
Participle[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (šālmā)

  1. peal feminine absolute singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  2. peal masculine emphatic singular active participle of ܫܠܡ

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʃɑl.me]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃɑl.me]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʃol.me]
Participle[edit]

ܫܠܡܐ (šālmē)

  1. peal masculine emphatic plural active participle of ܫܠܡ

References[edit]

  • šlm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-15
  • šlm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-15
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pages 370b, 371a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 582a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pages 1567b-1568a

Turoyo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Aramaic ܫܠܵܡܵܐ(šlāmāʾ), from Proto-Semitic *šalām-. Compare Arabic سَلَام(salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם(šālōm).

Interjection[edit]

ܫܠܳܡܳܐ (šlomo)

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܳܡܳܐ (šlomo)

  1. peace

Western Neo-Aramaic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Aramaic ܫܠܵܡܵܐ(šlāmāʾ), from Proto-Semitic *šalām-. Compare Arabic سَلَام(salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם(šālōm).

Interjection[edit]

ܫܠܳܡܰܐ (slōma)

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.

Noun[edit]

ܫܠܳܡܰܐ (slōma)

  1. peace