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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (š-l-m) related to completing, from Proto-Semitic *šalām-. Cognates include Arabic سَلَام (salām) and Hebrew שָׁלוֹם (šālôm).


  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)lɑme(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. A greeting; equivalent to hello.


ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. peace, wholeness, perfection, completeness
  2. health, welfare, safety, prosperity
  3. greeting, salutation, salute
  4. (Christianity) pax, kiss of peace
  5. (ecclesiastical) invocation of peace, pax vobiscum
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܡ (š-l-m) related to completing; compare Hebrew שָׁלֵם (šālēm). The sense of "strong plural" is a calque of Arabic سَالِم (sālim).


  • IPA(key): [ʃalmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃalme(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܫܠܡܬܐ)

  1. peaceful, harmonious
  2. whole, perfect, unblemished, complete, entire, full, achieved
  3. healthy, well, safe, sound, prosperous
  4. common, accessible


ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܫܠܡܐ)

  1. (grammar) strong plural (as opposed to a broken plural)
  2. holocaust, sacrifice, burnt offering

Etymology 3[edit]


  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlmɑ(ʔ)] (singular senses)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɑlme(ʔ)] (plural sense)


ܫܠܡܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. peal feminine absolute singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  2. peal masculine emphatic singular active participle of ܫܠܡ
  3. peal masculine emphatic plural active participle of ܫܠܡ


  • $lm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pp. 370b, 371a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 582a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1567b-1568a