туча

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See also: тѫча

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tǫča, probably originally meaning precipitation, downpour (compare Old Church Slavonic тѫча (tǫča, downpour)). Cognate with Serbo-Croatian туча (hail), Slovene tọ́ča (blizzard) (dialectal), Russian ту́ча (túča, rainy cloud), Polish tęcza (rainbow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ту́ча (túčaf

  1. (obsolescent, dialectal) heavy rainfall, inundation, flood
    Synonyms: поро́й (porój), наводне́ние (navodnénie)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • туч (tuč, casted iron) (dialectal)

References[edit]

  • тѫча in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"
  • Gerov, Najden (1895), “ту́чꙗ”, in Rěčnik na blǎgarskyj jazyk [Dictionary of the Bulgarian language] (in Bulgarian), volume 5, Plovdiv: Družestvena pečatnica “Sǎglasie”, page 386

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic туча (tuča), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tenk- (to contract). Compare the Slavic Old Church Slavonic тѫча (tǫča), Ukrainian ту́ча (túča), Polish tęcza and the Non-Slavic Gothic 𐌸𐌴𐌹𐍈𐍉𐌽 (þeiƕōn) and Old Norse þéttr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈtut͡ɕə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ту́ча (túčaf inan (genitive ту́чи, nominative plural ту́чи, genitive plural туч, related adjective тучево́й, diminutive ту́чка)

  1. (meteorology) rain cloud; dark, heavy cloud
    Не́бо затянуто ту́чами.Nébo zatjanuto túčami.The sky is overcast.
    На не́бе собира́ются ту́чи.Na nébe sobirájutsja túči.Rain clouds are gathering in the sky.
    грозова́я ту́чаgrozovája túčastorm cloud
    ту́чи сгуща́ются (над ке́м-либо)
    túči sguščájutsja (nad kém-libo)
    storm clouds are gathering (over someone)
    как ту́чаkak túčagloomy, morose (about a person)
  2. moving multitude; cloud, host
    ту́чи враго́вtúči vragóvswarms of enemies

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tût͡ʃa/
  • Hyphenation: ту‧ча

Noun[edit]

ту̏ча f (Latin spelling tȕča)

  1. fight, melee
  2. hail

Declension[edit]