gene

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See also: Gene, gène, gêne, gêné, ĝene, and -gène

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Gen, from Ancient Greek γενεά (geneá, generation, descent), from the aorist infinitive of γίγνομαι (gígnomai, I come into being). Coined by the Danish biologist Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen in a German-language publication, from the last syllable of pangene.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gene (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) A theoretical unit of heredity of living organisms ; a gene may take several values and in principle predetermines a precise trait of an organism's form (phenotype), such as hair color.
    Coordinate term: cistron
  2. (molecular biology) A segment of DNA or RNA from a cell's or an organism's genome, that may take several forms and thus parameterizes a phenomenon, in general the structure of a protein; locus.
    A change in a gene is reflected in the protein or RNA molecule that it codes for.

Usage notes[edit]

In the simplest case and in principle, a gene locus is supposed to be the physical reality corresponding to the theoretical gene unit of heredity; in practice, things are far more complicated and confused, which is well known and acknowledged. However, these questions are the subject of still very active scientific research, as well as the topic of both scientific and philosophical questions, especially on the real compatibility between both senses of the term.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen (1909) Elemente der exakten Erblichkeitslehre [Elements of exact heredity]‎[1] (in German), Jena: Gustav Fischer, page 124:
    Darum scheint es am einfachsten, aus Darwin's[sic] bekanntem Wort die uns allein interessierende letzte Silbe „Gen“ isoliert zu verwerten, um damit das schlechte, mehrdeutige Wort „Anlage“ zu ersetzen.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French gêne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gene c (singular definite genen, plural indefinite gener)

  1. Something that bothers; a nuisance.
    Røgen fra skorstenen er til gene for naboerne.
    The smoke from the chimney is bothering the neighbours.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gene

  1. Inflected form of geen

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛ.ne/, [ˈd͡ʒɛːn̺e]
  • Rhymes: -ɛne
  • Hyphenation: gè‧ne

Etymology 1[edit]

From German Gen.

Noun[edit]

gene m (plural geni)

  1. (genetics) gene
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

gene f pl

  1. plural of gena

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *gēn, from Proto-Germanic *jainaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

gêne

  1. that over there, yonder

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ghene (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • gene”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

gene m (plural genes)

  1. (genetics) gene

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • gene” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gene m (plural genes)

  1. gene

Synonyms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic yana(yana).

Adverb[edit]

gene

  1. (colloquial) yine (again)

Noun[edit]

gene

  1. dative singular of gen