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See also: Rosso and rósso



From Latin russus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ-.


  • IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -osso
  • Hyphenation: rós‧so


rosso (feminine rossa, masculine plural rossi, feminine plural rosse, diminutive rossétto m or rossétta f or rossìno m or rossìna f, pejorative rossàccio)

  1. red
  2. ginger, red (of hair)
    • c. 1795, Vincenzo Monti, Opere inedite e rare: di Vincenzo Monti[1], by Urbano Lampredi, published 1843, page 126:
      Costui, rosso di pel, Foscolo è detto
      He, of red hair, is called Foscolo
  3. (figurative) incandescent, red hot
    • early 14th century, Dante, “Canto VIII”, in Inferno, lines 73–75:
      [] Ed ei mi disse: «Il foco etterno ¶ ch'entro l'affoca le dimostra rosse, ¶ come tu vedi in questo basso inferno».
      And he to me: "The fire eternal that kindles them within makes them look red, as thou beholdest in this nether Hell".


rosso m (plural rossi)

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  1. red (any of a range of colours/colors)
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno [The Divine Comedy: Hell], 12th edition (paperback), Le Monnier, published 1994, Canto X, page 158, lines 85–87:
      Ond' io a lui: «Lo strazio e 'l grande scempio ¶ che fece l'Arbia colorata in rosso, ¶ tal orazion fa far nel nostro tempio».
      Whence I to him: "The slaughter and great carnage ¶ which have with crimson stained the Arbia, cause ¶ such orisons in our temple to be made."
  2. any red pigment
  3. (metonymically, sometimes derogatory) a Socialist or Communist
  4. (heraldry) gules

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Italian · colori (layout · text)
     bianco      argento; grigio      nero
             rosso; cremisi              arancione; marrone; bronzo              giallo; oro; crema
             verde chiaro; limetta              verde              verde acqua; acquamarina; verde menta; verde menta scuro
             ciano; azzurro; celeste; blu petrolio; foglia di              azzurro; celeste; celeste scuro              blu; blu scuro
             violetto; indaco              magenta; viola              rosa; fucsia; porpora