viola

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Viola, víóla, vióla, violá, violà, and Vióla

English[edit]

A viola is a stringed instrument of the violin family

Etymology 1[edit]

A viola is a stringed instrument of the guitar family

From Italian viola, from Old Occitan viola (modern Occitan viula), from Medieval Latin vitula (stringed instrument). Compare viol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola (plural violas)

  1. (music) A stringed instrument of the violin family, somewhat larger than a violin, played under the chin, and having a deeper tone.
  2. (music) An organ stop having a similar tone.
  3. (music) A 10-string steel-string acoustic guitar, used in Brazilian folk music.
  4. (music) A berimbau viola, the smallest member of the berimbau used in capoeira music.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
References[edit]
  1. ^ Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
  2. ^ Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary
  3. ^ “American Heritage Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 28 November 2009, archived from the original on 31 December 2008

Etymology 2[edit]

Viola mandshurica, one of the flowering plants of the genus Viola

From Latin viola (violet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola (plural violas)

  1. (botany) Any of several flowering plants, of the genus Viola, including the violets and pansies.
Translations[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ Compact Oxford English Dictionary
  2. ^ “Collins English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2], accessed 28 November 2009, archived from the original on 18 February 2010
  3. ^ “American Heritage Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[3], accessed 28 November 2009, archived from the original on 13 February 2010

Etymology 3[edit]

Interjection[edit]

viola

  1. (often humorous) Misconstruction of voila
    • 1988, Jim Varney as Dr. Otto, “Hey Vern, It's Pets”, in Hey, Vern, It's Ernest!:
      And viola, Eureka California! I have finished my greatest invention: the worst dog in the world!
    • 2011, Hedge Funds for Dummies:
      [...] ; you fill out a form; you write your check; and viola! You're a mutual fund shareholder.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

Adjective[edit]

viola

  1. violet

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin viola.

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural violes)

  1. viola (flowering plant of the genus Viola)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain origin, probably from Occitan viula, derivative of viular (playing a string instrument” or “wind).

Noun[edit]

viola m or f (plural violes)

  1. f viola (musicial instrument)
  2. m or f violist
    Synonym: violista

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural violes)

  1. leapfrog

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

viola

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of violar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of violar

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola f

  1. viola (musical instrument of the violin family)

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

viola (accusative singular violan, plural violaj, accusative plural violajn)

  1. of or relating to the flower violet
  2. the color of such flowers, violet
    violet colour:  
    Synonym: violkolora

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola

  1. (music) viola

Declension[edit]

Inflection of viola (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative viola violat
genitive violan violoiden
violoitten
partitive violaa violoita
illative violaan violoihin
singular plural
nominative viola violat
accusative nom. viola violat
gen. violan
genitive violan violoiden
violoitten
violainrare
partitive violaa violoita
inessive violassa violoissa
elative violasta violoista
illative violaan violoihin
adessive violalla violoilla
ablative violalta violoilta
allative violalle violoille
essive violana violoina
translative violaksi violoiksi
instructive violoin
abessive violatta violoitta
comitative violoineen
Possessive forms of viola (type kulkija)
possessor singular plural
1st person violani violamme
2nd person violasi violanne
3rd person violansa

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

viola

  1. third-person singular past historic of violer

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin viola.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvjɔ.la/
  • Hyphenation: viò‧la

Adjective[edit]

viola (invariable)

  1. purple, violet
    Synonyms: violetto, violaceo

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural viole)

  1. viola, violet (plant)
    Synonym: violetta
  2. violet, purple (color)
    Synonym: violetto
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from Old Occitan viola (modern Occitan viula), ultimately from Medieval Latin *vitula (stringed instrument).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvjɔ.la/
  • Hyphenation: viò‧la

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural viole)

  1. (music) viola
  2. (music) fiddle
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvi.o.la/
  • Hyphenation: vì‧o‧la

Verb[edit]

viola

  1. inflection of violare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also[edit]

Colors in Italian · colori (layout · text)
     bianco      grigio      nero
             rosso; cremisi              arancione; marrone              giallo; crema
             verde chiaro; limetta              verde              verde acqua, acquamarina; verde menta; verde menta scuro
             ciano, azzurro, celeste; blu petrolio, foglia di tè              azzurro; celeste; celeste scuro              blu
             violetto; indaco              magenta; viola              rosa; fucsia; porpora

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Ancient Greek ἴον (íon, violet) (from ϝίον). Probably from a pre-I.E. Mediterranean language. See also Middle Persian wnpšk'.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viola f (genitive violae); first declension

  1. violet (flower)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative viola violae
Genitive violae violārum
Dative violae violīs
Accusative violam violās
Ablative violā violīs
Vocative viola violae

Verb[edit]

violā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of violō

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese viola, from Old Occitan viola, from Medieval Latin vitula, from Vitula, Roman goddess of joy and victory.

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural violas)

  1. (music) viola (a bowed instrument larger than a violin)
  2. (music) viol (a bowed instrument of the violin family held between the legs)
  3. (music) viola; viola caipira (10-string acoustic guitar used in Brazilian folk music)
  4. (music, Brazil, loosely or affectionate) acoustic guitar
  5. guitarfish (any of the rays in the Rhinobatidae family)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

viola

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of violar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of violar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French violer, from Latin violō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

a viola (third-person singular present violează, past participle violat1st conj.

  1. to violate
  2. to rape

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian viola.

Noun[edit]

viola f (plural violas)

  1. viola (musical instrument)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

viola

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of violar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of violar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of violar.