sarkans

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Latvian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from a dialectal adjective sarks ‎(red, pink), from Proto-Baltic *sark- (whence also sarkt ‎(to blush), from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, *sar- ‎(red, pink), with an extra -k. In the dialects that have the simple adjective sarks, sarkans has the meaning “reddish.” Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal sárkanas ‎(bright, clear, light; pink), Scythian suxra ‎(red), Persian سرخ ‎(sorx, red).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Sarkans

sarkans (def. sarkanais, comp. sarkanāks, sup. vissarkanākais; adv. sarkani)

  1. red (having the color of, e.g., blood)
    tumši, gaiši, koši sarkans — dark, light, bright red
    ugunīgi sarkans — fiery red
    sarkani ziedi, rozesred flowers, roses
    sarkana gaisma, blāzmared light, glow
    sarkana signālugunsred beacon
    sarkans karogsred flag
    sarkans kā biete, kā asinsred as beet, as blood
    sarkanie asinsķermenīšired blood cells
    Sarkanais Krusts — the Red Cross
  2. red, brownish red (having a tone or hue similar to red when compared to other related elements)
    sarkani matired hair
    sarkana govsred cow
    sarkanie galviņkāpostired cabbage
    sarkanie ķieģeļired bricks
    sarkanais kaviārsred caviar
  3. red (relating to communism; more specifically, realting to the former Soviet Red Army)
    Sarkanā Armija — the Red Army
    sarkanā gvarde — the red guard (1917 workers' division)
    latviešu sarkanie strēlnieki — Latvian red riflemen (those who fought for the Bolsheviks)
    sarkanais karogs — the red flag

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
balts
brūns
dzeltens
melns
oranžs
pelēks
rozā
sarkans
sārts
violets
zaļš
zils

References[edit]

  1. ^ “sarkans” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7