sarkans

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Latvian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from a dialectal adjective sarks (red, pink), from Proto-Baltic *sark- (whence also sarkt (to blush), from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, *sar- (red, pink), with an extra -k. In the dialects that have the simple adjective sarks, sarkans has the meaning “reddish.” Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal sárkanas (bright, clear, light; pink), Scythian suxra (red), Persian سرخ (sorx, red).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Sarkans

sarkans (definite sarkanais, comparative sarkanāks, superlative vissarkanākais, adverb sarkani)

  1. red (having the color of, e.g., blood)
    tumši, gaiši, koši sarkansdark, light, bright red
    ugunīgi sarkansfiery red
    sarkani ziedi, rozesred flowers, roses
    sarkana gaisma, blāzmared light, glow
    sarkana signālugunsred beacon
    sarkans karogsred flag
    sarkans kā biete, kā asinsred as beet, as blood
    sarkanie asinsķermenīšired blood cells
    Sarkanais Kruststhe Red Cross
  2. red, brownish red (having a tone or hue similar to red when compared to other related elements)
    sarkani matired hair
    sarkana govsred cow
    sarkanie galviņkāpostired cabbage
    sarkanie ķieģeļired bricks
    sarkanais kaviārsred caviar
  3. red (relating to communism; more specifically, realting to the former Soviet Red Army)
    Sarkanā Armijathe Red Army
    sarkanā gvardethe red guard (1917 workers' division)
    latviešu sarkanie strēlniekiLatvian red riflemen (those who fought for the Bolsheviks)
    sarkanais karogsthe red flag

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     balts      pelēks      melns      brūns
             rozā              sarkans, sārts, {{{crimson}}}              oranžs              dzeltens, ?
             ?              zaļš              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              ?, ?
             ?              zils              ?, ?              ?, violets

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sarkans”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7