krāsa

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See also: krasa, krása, and krāsā

Latvian[edit]

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 krāsa on Latvian Wikipedia
Krāsa (3)

Etymology[edit]

A 13th-century borrowing from Old East Slavic краса (krasa, beauty, splendor) (compare Russian краса (krasá)), which comes from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to burn, to glow) (whence also Latvian karsts). Initially used in the Eastern regions, this word only penetrated further into the language in the 18th century, at first with the meaning “healthy, pretty facial color.” At the beginning of the 19th century, under the influence of Russian краска (color, paint), it acquired the sense “(natural) color of an object.”. In the second half of the 19th century, the meaning of krāsa was broadened, in order to replace the Germanism pērve, perve (paint) (still attested in dialects).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

krāsa f (4th declension)

  1. color (visible light of a certain wavelength)
    balta, melna, sarkana krāsawhite, black, red color
    spilgta, spoža krāsabright color
    auksta, silta krāsacold, warm color
    krāsas piesātinātībacolor saturation
    krāsu gammacolor range, set
    krāsu redzecolor vision
    krāsu aklumscolor blindness
    krāsu televīzijacolor television
  2. color (visible feature of a surface or object caused by reflected light)
    auduma krāsafabric color
    ziedu krāsaflower color
    āda krāsaskin color
    bez krāsas (= bāls)without color' (= pale)
  3. paint, ink (substance applied to an object or surface to give it a certain color)
    tipogrāfijas krāsaprinting ink
    krāsu kārbacolor box
    eļļas krāsaoil paint, color
    emaljas krāsaenamel paint
    krāsu paletecolor palette
    akvareļa (= ūdens) krāsawatercolor paint
    uzlikt, uzklāt krāsuto apply paint
    jaukt, atšķaidīt krāsasto mix, dilute colors
    notīrīt veco krāsuto remove old paint
  4. colors (a colored symbol representing a country, an organization, a sports team)
    aizstāvēt savas sportistu komanadas krāsasto defend the colors of one's sports team
    emblēma valsts krāsāsan emblem in the national colors

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (dialectal, archaic) perve

See also[edit]

Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krāsa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7