sārts

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See also: sarts

Latvian[edit]

Sārts (1)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ser- (to put in line, in sequence, to tie, to assemble), referring to the assembling of the wood for a bonfire, whence also sērt (to stack, pile grain (to dry)) and sers (grain to be threshed (in the barn)) (q.v.); sārts is derived from the verb with vowel gradation (compare vērt (to open, to close), vārti (gate(s))). Cognates include Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐍂𐍅𐌰 (sarwa, armor, weapons), Old High German saro (armor) (“assembled one”), Latin sors (lot, fate; divinatory stick) (genitive sortis; original meaning “sequence of little sticks”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sārts m (1st declension)

  1. large bonfire
    kraut sārtuto load the bonfire
    aizdedzināt sārtuto start, to ignite the bonfire
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *sartas, from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, *sor- (red, rosy, pink) with an extra suffix -t. Cognates include Lithuanian sar̃tas ((light) red, light brown (of horses)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sārts (definite sārtais, comparative sārtāks, superlative vissārtākais, adverb sārti)

  1. pale red, light red, pinkish red, reddish
    dzelteni sārtsyellowish red, pink
    rožaini sārtsrosy pink
    sārts ziedspink flower
    sārta sejarosy face
    sārti vaigirosy cheeks
    sārtas lūpasrosy, pink lips
    koši sārtas rozesbright pink roses
    sārtais marmorspink marble
    sārts kā ābolsred as an apple (i.e., with rosy, healthy cheeks)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sārts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7