sārts

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See also: sarts

Latvian[edit]

Sārts (1)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ser- ‎(to put in line, in sequence, to tie, to assemble), referring to the assembling of the wood for a bonfire, whence also sērt ‎(to stack, pile grain (to dry)) and sers ‎(grain to be threshed (in the barn)) (q.v.); sārts is derived from the verb with vowel gradation (compare vērt ‎(to open, to close), vārti ‎(gate(s))). Cognates include Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐍂𐍅𐌰 ‎(sarwa, armor, weapons), Old High German saro ‎(armor) (“assembled one”), Latin sors ‎(lot, fate; divinatory stick) (genitive sortis; original meaning “sequence of little sticks”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sārts m (1st declension)

  1. large bonfire
    kraut sārtu — to load the bonfire
    aizdedzināt sārtu — to start, to ignite the bonfire
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *sartas, from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, *sor- ‎(red, rosy, pink) with an extra suffix -t. Cognates include Lithuanian sar̃tas ‎((light) red, light brown (of horses)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sārts (def. sārtais, comp. sārtāks, sup. vissārtākais; adv. sārti)

  1. pale red, light red, pinkish red, reddish
    dzelteni sārts — yellowish red, pink
    rožaini sārts — rosy pink
    sārts ziedspink flower
    sārta sejarosy face
    sārti vaigirosy cheeks
    sārtas lūpasrosy, pink lips
    koši sārtas rozes — bright pink roses
    sārtais marmorspink marble
    sārts kā ābolsred as an apple (i.e., with rosy, healthy cheeks)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “sārts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7