melns

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *mel(n)- (black, blue), from Proto-Indo-European *mel- (dark, red, dirty). Cognates include Lithuanian mė́lynas (blue), Old Prussian melne (bruise), Gothic mēla (mēla, writing characters), Old High German mālōn (to paint, to draw), German malen (to paint), Sanskrit मलः (malaḥ, dirty), Ancient Greek μέλας (mélas, black, dark) (< *melans), Latin mulleus (reddish) (< *mulneyos).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

Melns

melns (def. melnais, comp. melnāks, sup. vismelnākais; adv. melni)

  1. black (the color of something that absorbs all light and reflects none)
    absolūti melns‎ ― absolutely black
    melna tāfele‎ ― black board
    melns mākonis‎ ― black cloud
    melni mati‎ ― black hair
    melns kā ogle, kā nakts‎ ― black as coal, as the night
    melnais kontinents‎ ― the black continent (= Africa)
    dāma melnā‎ ― lady (dressed) in black
  2. black (much darker than the average of its kind)
    melnā dzilna‎ ― black woodpecker
    melnā žurka‎ ― black rat
    melnā priede‎ ― black pine
    melnais diamants‎ ― black diamond
    melnā tēja‎ ― black tea
    melna kafija‎ ― black coffee
  3. Black (a person of dark skin color)
    melns kungs‎ ― a Black gentleman
    melnā rase‎ ― the Black race
    melnie iezemieši‎ ― the Black natives
  4. dirty, smudged with something black or dark
    melna mute‎ ― black, dirty mouth
    melnas rokas‎ ― black, dirty hands
  5. (definite form) dark (wrong, objectionable, unlawful)
    melnā vara‎ ― dark power
    melnā maģija‎ ― black magic
    melnais saraksts‎ ― black list
    melnais tirgus‎ ― black market

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “melns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7