zils

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

zils

  1. plural of zil

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žil-as, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- ‎(to shine), the same stem as zelts ‎(gold) (q.v.) and several color terms (compare dzeltens ‎(yellow), zaļš ‎(green). This word must have been formed relatively late, after the differentiation of Baltic and Slavic, since, unlike “yellow” and “green,” it has no counterparts among the Slavic terms for “blue.” Cognates include Lithuanian žìlas ‎(gray, silvery-white).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Zils

zils (def. zilais, comp. zilāks, sup. viszilākais; adv. zili)

  1. blue (the same (or similar) color as, e.g., a clear sky)
    zila krāsablue color
    tumši, gaiši zils — light, dark blue
    zilas acisblue eyes
    zili dūmiblue smoke
    zilais krusts — the blue cross (veterinarian aid sign)
  2. blue (having a tone or hue similar to blue when compared to other, related elements)
    zilie ceriņiblue lilacs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zils”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7