zils

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

zils

  1. plural of zil

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žil-as, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (to shine), the same stem as zelts (gold) (q.v.) and several color terms (compare dzeltens (yellow), zaļš (green). This word must have been formed relatively late, after the differentiation of Baltic and Slavic, since, unlike “yellow” and “green,” it has no counterparts among the Slavic terms for “blue.” Cognates include Lithuanian žìlas (gray, silvery-white).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Zils

zils (definite zilais, comparative zilāks, superlative viszilākais, adverb zili)

  1. blue (the same (or similar) color as, e.g., a clear sky)
    zila krāsablue color
    tumši, gaiši zilsdark, light blue
    zilas acisblue eyes
    zili dūmiblue smoke
    zilais kruststhe blue cross (veterinarian aid sign)
  2. blue (having a tone or hue similar to blue when compared to other, related elements)
    zilie ceriņiblue lilacs

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     balts      pelēks      melns      brūns
             rozā              sarkans, sārts, {{{crimson}}}              oranžs              dzeltens, ?
             ?              zaļš              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              ?, ?
             ?              zils              ?, ?              ?, violets

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zils”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7