uguns

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Latvian[edit]

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 uguns on Latvian Wikipedia
Uguns

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic *úngnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnís.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [uɡuns]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

uguns f (6th declension)

  1. fire (visible light and thermal radiation produced by a body heated to the necessary temperature; flames, group of flames)
    • uguns kurasthe fire is burning
    • uguns deg krāsnīthe fire is burning in the oven
    • uguns apdziestthe fire goes out
    • iekurt ugunito kindle the fire
    • izdzēst, nodzēst ugunito put out the fire
    • nopūst ugunito blow out the fire
    • uzšķilt ugunito strike a fire
    • kurināt ugunito stoke the fire
    • iesviest papīru ugunīto throw paper into the fire
    • uguns svelmefire glow
    • uzlikt katlu uz ugunsto put a pot on the fire
    • sildīties pie ugunsto warm up by the fire
    • uguns siena, jūra, vilnisfire wall, sea, wave
    • uguns pielūgšana, kultsfire worship, cult
    • lēna ugunsslow fire (= with a small flame)
    • strauja ugunsrapid fire (= with a big, strong flame)
    • uguns trakothe fire is raging
    • mūžīgā ugunseternal fire
    • olimpiskā ugunsOlympic fire
  2. fire (a means of igniting fire, such as matches, lighters, etc., or combustible matter, fuel, etc., used to make fire or keep it burning)
    • viens ieprasās: “vai kādam ir uguns? kā uzpīposim, kad būsim paēduši?”someone asked: “does anyone have fire / a light? (or else) how will we smoke, after we eat?”
  3. (figuratively) fire, light (feeling of warmth, often signifying power, strength)
    • Meļķis dzēra; patīkama uguns izskrēja caur dzīslāmMeļķis drank; a pleasant fire ran through his veins
    • vai kāds vairs prot veco krusta deju, kur bija straujums un plašums? uguns svila dzīslās, un grūti bija norimties viendoes anyone still know the old cross dance, in which there was speed and breadth? fire burned in the vains, and it was difficult to calm down alone
  4. (figuratively, usually plural) fire (bright light; bright color)
    • debesis sāk degt saulrieta ugunīsthe sky began to burn in the fires of the sunset
  5. (figuratively) fire (passion, sexual and otherwise; strong enthusiasm)
    • Edgara acis liesmoja, viņā noskatoties, un viņa skūpstos bija uguns, no kuras Kristīne nodrebējaEdgar's eyes were ablaze, looking at her, and in his kisses there was a fire from which Kristīne shivered
    • kā gan aktieris var tēlot... bez garīgas radošas uguns?how can an actor act... without a creative spiritual fire?
    • viņa acīs mirdzēja tāda savāda ugunsin his eyes a peculiar fire was shining
    • Lauris bija tas uguns, kas visiem iedvesa dedzību un sparuLauris was that fire which inspired zeal and vigor to all
    • revolūcijas uguns vēl neslāpa 1906. gadā; taču līdzskrējēji jau nogāja malā, slēpāsthe revolutionary fire was not stifled in 1906; on the contrary, (its) supporters went into hiding
  6. artificial light(s), light source(s)
    • luksoforā deg sarkanā ugunsthe red traffic fire (= light) is on
    • pilsētas uguniscity fire (= lights)
    • ostas ugunisport fire (= lights)
    • bāku ugunsbeacon, lantern fire (= light)
    • krāsainās reklāmu ugunisred advertising fires (= lights)
    • automobiļa aizmugures ugunisa car's rear fires (= lights)
    • logā deg ugunsfire is (= lights are) burning on the window
    • krita pavasara krēsla... tramvaji jau brauca ar uguņiem'spring dusk fell... the trams were already riding with their fires (= lights) (on)
  7. (military) shooting with firearms
    • atklāt ugunīto open fire
    • pārtraukt ugunito cease fire
    • artilērijas ugunsartillery fire, gunfire
    • tanku, granātu, ložu ugunstank, grenade, bullet fire

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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References[edit]