rauta

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See also: Rauta

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

rauta

  1. inflection of rautar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rauta, borrowed from either Proto-Germanic *raudą (compare Old Norse rauði (hematite)) or Proto-Balto-Slavic [Term?] (compare Latvian rūda (ore)), but in either case ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑu̯tɑ/, [ˈrɑ̝u̯t̪ɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑutɑ
  • Syllabification(key): rau‧ta

Noun[edit]

rauta

  1. iron (metal; chemical element with the symbol Fe)
  2. (chiefly in compounds) tool made of iron (or of steel)
    sorkkarautacrowbar
    raastinrautagrater
    silitysrautaclothes iron
    vohvelirautawaffle iron
    1. (in the plural) Ellipsis of hammasraudat (braces).
  3. (in the plural) shackles, irons
    Synonym: kahleet
    panna rautoihinto iron (to shackle with irons)
    1. (figuratively, colloquial, in the plural) act of getting or state of being arrested (practically always used in locative cases; rautoihin and raudoissa)
      Varas pantiin rautoihin rikospaikalla.
      The burglar was arrested at the crime scene.
      NN on ollut raudoissa jo viikon.
      NN has been arrested for a week already.
  4. (in the plural) trap (heavy metal device designed to catch animals by catching hold of part of the body)
  5. (golf) iron (type of club)
    Synonym: rautamaila
  6. (weightlifting) iron
  7. (informal) ride (vehicle)
  8. (informal) hardware, military hardware
    rautaa rajallehardware to the border
  9. (computing, slang) hardware
    Synonym: laitteisto
  10. (colloquial, in the partitive singular) something that rocks, something that is great

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rauta (Kotus type 9*F/kala, t-d gradation)
nominative rauta raudat
genitive raudan rautojen
partitive rautaa rautoja
illative rautaan rautoihin
singular plural
nominative rauta raudat
accusative nom. rauta raudat
gen. raudan
genitive raudan rautojen
rautainrare
partitive rautaa rautoja
inessive raudassa raudoissa
elative raudasta raudoista
illative rautaan rautoihin
adessive raudalla raudoilla
ablative raudalta raudoilta
allative raudalle raudoille
essive rautana rautoina
translative raudaksi raudoiksi
abessive raudatta raudoitta
instructive raudoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of rauta (Kotus type 9*F/kala, t-d gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rautani rautani
accusative nom. rautani rautani
gen. rautani
genitive rautani rautojeni
rautainirare
partitive rautaani rautojani
inessive raudassani raudoissani
elative raudastani raudoistani
illative rautaani rautoihini
adessive raudallani raudoillani
ablative raudaltani raudoiltani
allative raudalleni raudoilleni
essive rautanani rautoinani
translative raudakseni raudoikseni
abessive raudattani raudoittani
instructive
comitative rautoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative rautasi rautasi
accusative nom. rautasi rautasi
gen. rautasi
genitive rautasi rautojesi
rautaisirare
partitive rautaasi rautojasi
inessive raudassasi raudoissasi
elative raudastasi raudoistasi
illative rautaasi rautoihisi
adessive raudallasi raudoillasi
ablative raudaltasi raudoiltasi
allative raudallesi raudoillesi
essive rautanasi rautoinasi
translative raudaksesi raudoiksesi
abessive raudattasi raudoittasi
instructive
comitative rautoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rautamme rautamme
accusative nom. rautamme rautamme
gen. rautamme
genitive rautamme rautojemme
rautaimmerare
partitive rautaamme rautojamme
inessive raudassamme raudoissamme
elative raudastamme raudoistamme
illative rautaamme rautoihimme
adessive raudallamme raudoillamme
ablative raudaltamme raudoiltamme
allative raudallemme raudoillemme
essive rautanamme rautoinamme
translative raudaksemme raudoiksemme
abessive raudattamme raudoittamme
instructive
comitative rautoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative rautanne rautanne
accusative nom. rautanne rautanne
gen. rautanne
genitive rautanne rautojenne
rautainnerare
partitive rautaanne rautojanne
inessive raudassanne raudoissanne
elative raudastanne raudoistanne
illative rautaanne rautoihinne
adessive raudallanne raudoillanne
ablative raudaltanne raudoiltanne
allative raudallenne raudoillenne
essive rautananne rautoinanne
translative raudaksenne raudoiksenne
abessive raudattanne raudoittanne
instructive
comitative rautoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative rautansa rautansa
accusative nom. rautansa rautansa
gen. rautansa
genitive rautansa rautojensa
rautainsarare
partitive rautaansa rautojaan
rautojansa
inessive raudassaan
raudassansa
raudoissaan
raudoissansa
elative raudastaan
raudastansa
raudoistaan
raudoistansa
illative rautaansa rautoihinsa
adessive raudallaan
raudallansa
raudoillaan
raudoillansa
ablative raudaltaan
raudaltansa
raudoiltaan
raudoiltansa
allative raudalleen
raudallensa
raudoilleen
raudoillensa
essive rautanaan
rautanansa
rautoinaan
rautoinansa
translative raudakseen
raudaksensa
raudoikseen
raudoiksensa
abessive raudattaan
raudattansa
raudoittaan
raudoittansa
instructive
comitative rautoineen
rautoinensa

Derived terms[edit]

compounds

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rauta. Cognates include Finnish rauta and Estonian raud.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rauta

  1. iron
  2. horseshoe
    hepoisen rautahorseshoe (literally, “horse's iron”)
    panna hepoista rautaato put horseshoes on a horse (literally, “to put a horse into iron”)
    • 1937, N. S. Popova, translated by A. Kolesova, Arifmetikan oppikirja alkușkoulua vart (I. osa), Leningrad: Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 10:
      Mont naaglaa ono hepoisen ravvaas?
      How many nails are there on the horseshoe?
  3. barrel (of a gun)
    pyssyn rautagun barrel (literally, “gun's iron”)
  4. handle (of a door)
    uksen rautadoor handle (literally, “door's iron”)
  5. bit (part of a bridle)
    suitsiin rautabit (literally, “bridle's iron”)
  6. iron heel of a boot
    sappaan rautairon heel (literally, “boot's iron”)

Declension[edit]

Declension of rauta (type 3/kana, aut-avv gradation)
singular plural
nominative rauta ravvat
genitive ravvan rautoin
partitive rautaa rautoja
illative rautaa rautoi
inessive ravvaas ravvois
elative ravvast ravvoist
allative ravvalle ravvoille
adessive ravvaal ravvoil
ablative ravvalt ravvoilt
translative ravvaks ravvoiks
essive rautanna, rautaan rautoinna, rautoin
exessive1) rautant rautoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 467

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *rauta, from either Germanic or Balto-Slavic.

Noun[edit]

rauta (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. iron